글로버메뉴 바로가기 본문 바로가기 하단메뉴 바로가기

논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics (Journal of PAAL )검색


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 언어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 반년간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1345-8353
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 21권 1호 (2017)
초록보기
This paper provides findings on a study which explored effective teacher motivation management strategies current university non-native EFL teachers in Japan utilize in their course of career. Teachers who have higher motivation can devote their lives more to give a lot to the learners and be productive on the education. Therefore, teacher motivation management is an essential issue to live a fruitful and productive life as an EFL teacher and researcher. In this study, six currently working Japanese university EFL teachers, three male three female, age ranges from 39 to 55 were interviewed individually on their teacher motivation strategy. Each teacher was asked how they manage their teacher motivation for teaching and research by reflecting back their whole career as a teacher and researcher. In this paper, twelve specific strategies were embedded from the data gathered by semi-structured interviews. The specific approaches are introduced along with quotes from the participants. The true aim on this study is to gain understanding of what kinds of teacher motivation management are utilized and give practical suggestions both for novice and experienced teachers simultaneously in order to contribute to the teacher education and development.
초록보기
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of two instruction methods for teaching polysemous English prepositions (at, in, on) and to explore learners` perception on learning tools used in the instruction when learning polysemous words. The first study investigated the effectiveness of schema-based instruction (SBI), which is a form of instruction based on the insights of cognitive linguistics (CL) and is a way of teaching, which provides learners with the schematic core meaning. Whereas, translation-based instruction (TBI) is one of the conventional ways of teaching prepositions as polysemous words, which offers learners a list of several meanings of each preposition. Two tests, as pre- and post-tests were carried out to examine the effectiveness of the instruction. A second study explored how leaners perceived the learning tools in each instruction method. The methods consist of the core schema and translations in dictionary, which were analyzed with the motivation to be able to conduct more effective instruction on polysemous words in the classroom. For this study, data was collected by a questionnaire and analyzed qualitatively to extract constructs that learners have on both instructions. Based on the results of these two studies, this paper argues that the core-schema approach to teaching English propositions is more effective than the conventional approach. Furthermore, the core schema approach is practical to administer to learners; however, it was discovered that learners perceived both benefits and disadvantages in the two instruction methods and suggested the necessity of separate-use depending on the learning situation.
5,900
초록보기
This paper examines how different test methods may tap different aspects of second language knowledge. It employs multiple-choice (MC) and constructed response (CR) items which yield distinct or convergent information in the computer delivered testing of English in its presentation of this factor. In order to examine the effects of test method, a CFA approach to a multitraitmultimethod design was adopted to examine the convergent as well as discriminant validity of the two skill area traits and the two test methods. After comparing the hypothesized model with a nested series of more restrictive models using x2 difference tests (Byrne, 2006; Widaman, 1985), based on the information from the path coefficients, and also using principal factor analyses, it was found that: 1) the skills are factorially separable, yet, highly correlated, 2) MC and CR methods are separable, and very weakly correlated, 3) there is thus a method effect, and 4) the MC method may not be suitable in sampling the unique ability characteristics of reading and listening skills.
초록보기
Recasts, a type of implicit feedback, is widely used by EFL teachers for improving learners` communicative competence. Research suggests that teachers may use salience enhancement techniques in order to highlight the positive/negative evidence in recasts. This study was conducted to identify types of recasts and examine the relationship between recast features and learners` uptake and modified output. The data consist of 569 recast episodes retrieved from 15 NS teachers. The results revealed that recasts vary considerably in effectiveness according to factors such as the way in which they are provided. More specifically, short, segmented, and interrupting recasts were better predictors of modified output as they were more likely to help learners to notice the gap between the target form and its interlanguage form. The present study suggests that teachers equipped with such highlighting techniques would be able to promote learners` L2 development more effectively.
초록보기
This study makes an attempt to investigate the correlations between manifold aspects, namely both syntagmatic and paradigmatic relations, the four major derivative word forms, which represented morphological knowledge, six dimensions of analytic relations (i.e. component-integral, member-collection, portion-mass, stuff-object, feature-activity, and place-area) of vocabulary depth knowledge and academic reading comprehension among English as a Foreign Language learners at tertiary level. To this end, ninety one students from three departments of Business school and sixty four Engineering students (two departments) took part voluntarily in three depth of vocabulary knowledge tests and one reading comprehension test, which consisted of three reading passages with followed multiple choice questions. Results showed that firstly, analytic relations, which represented depth of vocabulary knowledge was positively and significantly correlated with reading comprehension. In other words, those students who gained more analytical relations (part-whole) knowledge performed better in reading comprehension than students with morphological knowledge and syntagmatic and paradigmatic relations, which represented depth of vocabulary knowledge. Secondly, students who had more paradigmatic (synonyms) relation knowledge performed better in reading comprehension than those who had syntagmatic relation (collocations), one of the two subtests of vocabulary depth knowledge test. Thirdly, the four major derivational word forms, i.e. noun, verb, adjective, and adverb were positively and either strongly or moderately correlated with dependent variable, academic reading comprehension. Fourthly, except one aspect of analytic relations, i.e. stuff-object analytic relations aspect, the rest of other five dimensions of analytic relations, namely component-integral, portion-mass, member-collection, place-area, and feature-activity analytic relations facets were positively and either strongly or moderately correlated with dependent variable, academic reading comprehension.
5,500
키워드보기
초록보기
In order to motivate ESL students and engage them in different tasks effectively, it is necessary to make the tasks novel to the students. As one possible way of introducing novelty in the course, films could be used advantageously. In this study, a writing course integrated with videos of movies and cultural festival of different regions of the world including that of author`s country were used as a novel activity and students` attitudes were investigated through questionnaire and open-ended comments. The students belonged to second year undergraduate course of food and nutrition sciences of a Japanese private university. In addition to the film videos as part of listening activity, students were introduced to writings of different genres such as autobiographical, general description, procedure and argumentative writings using a genre-based approach. Students were first introduced to a model writing followed by deconstructing the model writing based on a set of questions. Next, students were asked to write based on the questions to make an outline of their own writings. Following making an outline in the classroom, students constructed their own one paragraph essays. Effects of learning were assessed through students` engagement in writing and in class questionnaire on the video. It was found that students showed real interest in watching film and cultural festivals videos. With cultural festivals, students were made to make comparison with their own and report describing the interesting feature of the festival. The students were also asked to critically reflect on the festivals themselves. Because of the novelty, students actively engaged in the class making the class interesting to the students. In future, a more detailed curriculum using festivals from different parts of their country along with festivals from different parts of the world could be worth considering.
1