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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics (Journal of PAAL )검색


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 언어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 반년간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1345-8353
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 8권 2호 (2004)
5,700
초록보기
This study aims to survey the native English-speaking (NS) teachers understanding of EFL contexts in Korea. English education policy in Korea now emphasizes the communicative competence of Korean students to meet the need to develop human resources appropriate for the globalized world. The national curriculums were changed to adopt the communicative syllabus instead of the grammatical-structural syllabus, which reflects the emphasis on the communicative approach of teaching and learning English in Korea. Recently, more NS teachers are working in positions of teaching English as a Foreign Language. The primary purposes of this study are to explore native English-speaking teachers`` perceptions about English learning and teaching in Korea, and to provide some suggestions for novice English - speaking teachers in Korea and to successfully implement the communicative approach in English as a Foreign language (EFL) contexts of Korea. The main purposes of thi s research are: I. NS teachers`` evaluation of Korean EFL students 2. NS teachers`` activities and strategies for implementing communicative approach 3. Suggestions for other Native English-speaking teachers in Korea
키워드보기
초록보기
This articlel reports some of the major findings from a three-year observation of English language activities at a kindergarten in Japan. Using the Communicative Orientation of Language Teaching (COLT) Observation Scheme (Spada & Frohlich, 1995) as an observational framework, the authors made attempts to describe changes both in shifts of instructional focuses and in classroom interactions. The results clearly show not only quantitative but also qualitative changes in classroom interactions over the three years, such as the children displaying more fluency and flexibility at later periods when responding to others in English. We argued that changes in various aspects of English language activities had much to do with children``s development and growth.
5,500
초록보기
One of the conventional understandings is that when clauses or phrases, especially of phrase, postmodify noun phrases, the postmodifications license the definite article for the modified noun phrases unconditionally. This paper aims to investigate whether their presence automatically guarantees the choice of the definite article for the modified noun phrases. A variety of sentences are examined in order to see how the modifications affect the choice of an article. In addition to of phrases, postmodifications here include of appositions, relative clauses and that-appositional clauses. The investigation basically draws on the concept of identifiability. However, the identifiability alone is not a cure-all. This paper states that another factor must be considered to fully appreciate how articles are chosen: that is the involvement of speakers. This paper reaches the conclusion that structural arrangements do not unilaterally determine the choice of an al1icle.
초록보기
The studies about "language and culture/society" and "language and psychology" are important matters in the area of FL (foreign language) education which aims at communicative competence in applied linguistics. (Okada, 1999; Park & Nakano, 2000; Saeki, 2002). Korean learning increased suddenly from around 2002 in Japan. Korean courses in Japanese colleges also increased (International Cultural Forum 2003). As a result, requirements for a fuller Korean education are increasing. However, although there are a lot of studies about linguistic approaches, it is difficult to find any studies about Korean education as a FL which focus on "language and culture/society" aimed at communicative competence. The purpose of this study is to analyze the actual learning situation vis-a-vis learning motivation, textbooks, and the pursuit of effective college Korean education in Japan aiming at communicative competence by applying the studies on psycholinguistics (Park, 1991, 1998), and sociolinguistics (Park, 1991; Hall, 1983). This paper is likely to be the first one of its kind in Japan to discuss the Korean language as a FL for Japanese students aimed at communicative competence.
초록보기
This study examines the nature of Japanese EFL learners`` competence in prosodic phonology. In particular, we are concerned with their acquisition of stress assignment for morphologically complex words. We approach the issue from two perspectives: vocabulary size and morphological structure. The levels of the sound power of the primalY stressed vowel, the secondary stressed vowel, and the unstressed vowel between the primary stressed vowel and the secondary stressed vowel were measured based on recordings of six morphologically complex words spoken by 24 students at a Japanese university. The present study investigates whether there is any significant connection between the levels of their acquisition of prosodic phonology and their vocabulalY sizes and whether the internal prosodic structure of a suffixed word affects their organization of stress assignment.
5,800
초록보기
In this study, a questionnaire was administered to a sample of 226 college students to investigate the motivational constructs of learning English in the Japanese college contexts. The exploratory principal components analysis was performed several times with a varimax rotation in order to extract the factors to probe the internal structure of motivation. The results showed eight factors; integrativeness, anxiety, instrumentality, self-confidence, attitudes, motivational intensity (effort), intrinsic motivation, and personal trait with reasonable values of reliability except for personal trait which has only one item.
초록보기
Despite the fact that a winning personal statement has become an important pali of the university admissions process, there has been little research done on personal statements written for entrance to postgraduate studies. Sixteen personal statements (eight British and eight Taiwanese samples enclosed in the Application for Postgraduate Admission forms) were analyzed in terms of exponent moves used for communicative purposes. The results indicated differences in the moves and cultural elements used by each group which might be attributable to cross-cultural variations. Although two categories of most frequently occurred moves: E\plaining Reasons and Indicating & Detailing Value of the Candidature were found in the corpus of all of the personal statements, British applicants tended to give more importance to the details of their candidature than Taiwanese applicants who generally focused more on the explanation of the reasons instead. Most Taiwanese applicants preferred to describe and evaluate their candidature briefly, but most of the Explaining Reasons sections in Taiwanese personal statements involved details unlikely to appear in British personal statements. In addition, Taiwanese applicants relied more heavily upon self-glorification, self-degradation and adversary-glorification than British applicants. In comparison, they also consistently displayed a preference for conventionally direct sel f-glorification and adversary-glorification strategies.
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