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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics (Journal of PAAL )검색


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 언어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 반년간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1345-8353
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 9권 2호 (2005)
6,700
초록보기
The purpose of this study is to examine idiosyncratic features of the expressions used by non-native speakers when engaged in cyberspace interactions in terms of four parts of speech (nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs), sentence types, and sentence patterns. The type-token ratio of each of the four parts of speech is discussed and compared with reference to the Frequency Band from Collins COBUILD English DictionGlY for Advanced Learners of English. Comparison of the idiosyncratic expressions used by Japanese and Korean learners of English is also discussed so that both groups can obtain a better idea of what they might expect from each other. An examination of idiosyncratic features of English expressions used by Japanese and Korean learners of English is important in order to be successful in global communication. Japanese and Korean speakers should be prepared to deal with global communicative practices and the differences between these practices and their local communicative practices.
5,700
초록보기
This study examined how two EFL college students represented their audience in the writing process and how they adapted their writing to the assigned audience. The results indicated that the more skilled writer was more capable of analyzing and making inferences of the assigned audience than the less skilled wIiter. Her conceptualizations were also richer and more articulated. Both participants were able to employ a diverse variety of more obvious audience appeals but they were less able to argue from the reader``s viewpoint. Their abilities to conceptualize the assigned audience and utilize this conceptualization were constrained by the school context and their repertoire of rhetorical strategies.
초록보기
Because of the financial crisis, the new government policy, and accelerated internationalization in Korea. the role of English as a tool for advancement is transforming into English for survival, which means that English has become indispensable to the common people in almost every field. After reviewing the history of English education in Korea, this article uncovers the current impact of English on Korean people and education. and explains the new phase of the role of English. Also, I try to illustrate difficulties or problems current English language teaching is facing in this shift. based on my personal interview with Korean subjects, including research on the Internet. as well as review of previous research. Finally, I made some pedagogical suggestions regarding English as an international language and effective communicative English teaching in Korea.
6,100
초록보기
This study is to investigate the concept of World English and the goals of CCDL project, and especially to analyze the data from the Namseoul-Waseda CCDL Project(NWCCDLP). The main purposes of this study are: the first is to identify the concept of World English, the second is to analyze the data from NWCCDLP, and the third is to suggest ways to utilize CCDLP as a tool for cultivating English competence for foreign learners. NWCCDLP consisted of two parts: one is the voice and text chatting system between Namseoul and Waseda University students and the other is the video conferencing lecture on the theme of "World Englishes and Miscommunications." The data was collected through the questionnaire from the students, and the results from the data analysis proved that NWCCDLP was very helpful in cultivating English proficiency for foreign learners and in understanding World English. In the near future. it will need more research on CCDL project and the potentiality of understanding World English through CCDL.
5,300
초록보기
The instructional benefits of data-driven learning (DOL) have been discussed extensively. Studies have been conducted to provide empirical evidence on the effectiveness of this approach in ESP and general English courses. However, to avoid the na``ive claim that DOL can be effective for all learners on learning of any linguistic feature. researchers have turned their attention to factors related to learner differences and linguistic features that might have impacted the learning outcome. The current study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of DOL on leaming tasks with three instructional focuses-grammar, comparison of word usage, and distinctive features of a text type. The purpose of the study is to see if the DDL approach is effective on each of the learning tasks and if the DDL approach has different effects on students of different proficiency levels. Two university classes of 98 students in total participated in the study. A control/experimental group pre-test/post-test design was implemented. Statistical analysis was performed on the scores for each of the learning tasks to determine if the DDL approach had a significant effect on students`` learning of the three instructional focuses. In addition. students`` gain scores were compared to see if the DOL approach worked better with students at a particular proficiency level on any of the tasks. Results of the study indicate that students in the DOL group achieved significantly better learning results on grammar and distinctive features of a text type but not on comparison of word usage. Differences in gain scores by students at different proficiency levels did not reach a level of significance. indicating no significant difference in the effectiveness of DDL on students at different proficiency levels for any of the learning tasks.
5,900
초록보기
Throughout the history of SLA research, one of the first ways in which researchers tried to investigate L2 acquisition was through the analysis of learner errors (Ellis, 1994, p. 19). Studying learners`` errors is significant in order to understand the nature of the language learning process and to improve pedagogy. The present study aims at investigating characteristics/patterns of Korean EFL learners`` written productions through error analysis and providing effective methods of teaching English. The subjects were six Korean EFL college students currently enrolled in a two-year college in Korea. The data was collected through a writing assignment (Topic: Introduce yourself) given at the beginning of the semester. The results of the analysis indicate that (i) As for error frequency, young adult low-intermediate Korean EFL learners frequently made errors in determiners (mostly, indefinite articles), use of vocabulary (mostly, semantic errors). prepositions, and number (mostly, substitution of singulars for plurals). However, morphological elTors take a minor portion. The learners hardly make en``ors in attaching morphemes once they realize they need to add them: (ii) In relation to error source, many errors found in the data were caused by the habit of Ll use (i.e., Ll transfer). Especially, mis-use of vocabulary including overextension of the meaning seems to be a serious problem. It implies that teachers need to focus on instructing the usage of vocabulary rather than emphasizing the syntactic structure too much. Also. learners are encouraged to practice the usage of the words/phrases "in sentences" rather than through simple memorizations of individual words.
6,100
키워드보기
초록보기
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the awareness towards strategy use for listening skill and the self-identified learning strategies in the listening tasks, and to examine variables affecting on the use of strategy in an EFL listening class. Six subjects from an EFL listening class are selected. For this study, the primary technique of data collection was semi-structured interviews. The findings show that all six participants reported language learning strategy to be beneficial for their listening ability, but they differed in the evaluation of their own strategy use. Findings indicated that learning strategies across six students identified in the listening tasks could be classified into five categories-cognitive, metacognitive. social. affective, and compensatory. In addition, the result showed the salient variables affecting the use of listening strategies were proficiency of the learner, motivation, teaching styles, and the difficulty of task. The present study implies the importance of strategy instruction for promoting a conscious awareness of strategy use and use of workable strategies.

Cooperative Learning in Small EFL Early Reading Groups

( Yu Ju Lan ) , ( Kuo En Chang ) , ( Yao Ting Sung )
6,300
초록보기
The purpose of this study is to explore the interactive behaviors and intra-group discourse in a cooperative reading group when students were asked to do meaning-based reading tasks with their group mates cooperatively. The subjects were 52 third graders from an elementary school of Taipei, Taiwan. For ten weeks, both video and audio data were collected. Based on the finding of qualitative data analysis, we found four main types of group interactive behavior which we called Ardent, Be-forced, Supervisory, and Wait-on. According to the intra-group discourse, we also found that peer-assisted learning existed in cooperative reading groups and most of the peer discourse provided essential scaffolding, modeling, and direct instruction dialogs that help children with lower reading abilities do meaning-based reading.
5,200
초록보기
In Kenya, speaking English fluently can be a prestige or power. Most "meaningful development discourses" are conducted in English. So learning English is obligatory in Kenya. However, there are some problems in English teaching in Kenya. Kenyans focus primarily on grammar. The class size is too large for effective and efficient English education. In spite of these problems, Kenyans are fluent speakers of English. Two possible reasons are suggested. One is that Kenyan culture is memory-oriented. Due to cultural practices which emphasize oral history, Kenyans come to possess good memory. In turn, good memory makes Kenyans fast learners of English. The other is that Kenyan culture is non-Confucian. Kenyans are encouraged to express themselves in public from early childhood on. This makes them good learners of English.

The Interference of Swatow in Standard Thai

( Janida Eiampailin )
5,700
키워드보기
초록보기
This study examines some phonological interferences of Swatow dialect in Standard Thai by Chinese speakers in Bangkok, Thailand. The goal of this paper is to investigate i) whether Ll (Swatow) production is interfered (or transferred) into L2 (Standard Thai) production with special reference to phonological interference and ii) whether education and gender playa role. The paper shows different types of interferences: phonetic, phonemic, allophonic, and distributional. It also shows that the degree of interference differs depending on the degree of education: less educated speakers show more interferences.
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