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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

언어와 언어학검색

Language and Linguistics


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 언어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1225-4967
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 81권 0호 (2018)

Grammaticalization of Adpositions: An Introduction

( Seongha Rhee )
6,000
초록보기
This paper introduces the notion of adpositions as a grammatical category, their classification by means of function and form, and their grammaticalization across languages. It highlights the fact that the boundary between case and adposition is fuzzy because their concepts are not well delineated and, in addition, because there is no consensus as to their classification typology. It also discusses the relevance of adpositional concepts to human cognition, which renders support to the claim that the general similarity of linguistic systems is due to the overall universality of the ways human cognition operates. It further addresses some typological issues that cause different manifestations of adpositions in individual languages. The last section of the paper provides an overview of the individual contributions to this special issue and briefly discusses the theoretical imports of the findings and generalizations each contribution makes.

스페인어 전치사의 문법화

김경희 ( Kyunghee Kim ) , 이성하 ( Seongha Rhee )
7,000
초록보기
This paper investigates the overall prepositional system of the Spanish language from a grammaticalization perspective. Drawing upon the historical developmental paths of some select items, it argues that the patterns of the development are generally consonant with the principles crosslinguistically validated in literature, such as desemanticization, decategorialization, extension and erosion. It further argues that the development involves diverse mechanisms and characteristics such as reanalysis, layering, specialization, etc. It proposes a cycle of prepositions upon which prepositions are mapped by virtue of their formal characteristics and along which the overall prepositional system revolves. The analysis also notes that there is no privileged stage at which all newly arising forms enter the system. It is further argued that the grammaticalization of Spanish prepositions conforms to the crosslinguistic, typological and grammaticalizational patterns observed in other languages. Minor deviations notwithstanding, all these observations point to the hypotheses that adpositional concepts are among the human cognitive universals and that their developmental paths are among the shared cognitive processes that are operative in language use.
6,300
초록보기
This paper examines the grammaticalization of the Japanese postposition yori co-occurring with negatives. Japanese postpositions are traditionally divided into eight types based on their function (Hashimoto 1969). In modern Japanese, it has been argued that yori functions as both an adverbial particle and a case particle. Moreover, it behaves like a negative sensitive item (NSI) as well. There exists a similar postposition to yori, sika. Past studies have treated them as identical items, focusing on their syntactic and semantic similarities. However, this paper analyzes certain phenomena that cannot be squared with the claims of previous studies. This study argues that the yori and sika should not be treated as the same items. Specifically, sika has undergone more advanced grammaticalization as an adverbial particle/NSI, whereas yori has undergone degrammaticalization from an adverbial particle/NSI to a quasi-adverbial particle/NSI. Moreover, yori has undergone advanced grammaticalization as a case particle. This study explains the reason for its grammaticalization, focusing on theoretical issues like dialect contact, specialization, and the frequency effect.

어휘화와 문법화의 관점에서 본 독일어 복합부치사의 형성

신용민 ( Yongmin Shin )
6,900
초록보기
This study discusses the formation of complex adpositions and the gradual degree to which an adposition may be considered grammaticalized. Adpositions don’t necessarily belong to the class of grammatical formatives. The difference between grammatical formatives and lexical units is of a gradual nature. Complex adpositions in German can be formed in various ways. They may originate from nouns, verbs, and adverbs. The formation of complex adpositions has often been treated as an instance of grammaticalization. However, this study shows that it is a process of lexicalization. The univerbation of lexical units (e.g. an Hand ‘based on’ > anhand) is a diachronic process of forming a new single word from a fixed expression of two or more words. Naturally, it is not excluded that a complex adposition can ever get grammaticalized to a grammatical adposition. But before that, it has to be lexicalized to a lexical unit. In this sense, for instance, the grammaticalization of the complex adposition an Hand presupposes its lexicalization to the lexical unit anhand.

A Corpus-based Study of the Regard-PNP

( Sunhee Yae )
6,000
초록보기
This study looks at the regard-PNPs, using extensive diachronic and synchronic corpus data. The regard-PNPs are grammaticalized by reanaysis, decategorization, etc. Analogy-induced grams regard-PNPs do not follow the usage-based frequency. As an alternative to interpret corpus data, conceptual frequency is proposed on the basis of pattern saliency. This article argues that the collocational and colligational flexibilities control the preference of the choices in the case of the regard-PNPs.

Grammaticalization of Topic-indicating Prepositions in the Present Participle Form

( Hyun Sook Lee )
6,400
초록보기
This paper investigates the grammaticalization of prepositions indicating a topic in the present participle form; that is, they are in the construction [verb+present participle suffix]. The related verbs in this construction were to denote ‘relatedness.’ In this paper, we will explain the grammaticalization in two aspects. First, qualitatively, we expatiate the diachronic change with the grammaticalization principles. This finding will support the Source Determination Hypothesis―the common factor in meaning of ‘relatedness’ stimulates the lexemes of the present participle-formed prepositions to take the same direction of the grammaticalization. This paper also discusses how origins of the source affected the change from a lexical word to a functional word. Secondly, to identify the usage of the prepositions mentioned, a quantitative method is used with the help of corpora. Through the examination of frequency, the specialization of the prepositions which are the same in functional meaning but have the different origins is also confirmed.
6,000
초록보기
This paper looks into the semantic change of the Korean locomotion verb ‘ttaluta’ in the study of grammaticalization. ‘ttaluta’ has a prototypical meaning of “follow” and an abstract meaning of “obsequence, according, basis, imitation” specific to context. It produces a postpositional idiom ‘-e ttalumyen,’ which means “according to.” Moreover, it develops into a conjunctive adverb ‘ttalase,’ which indicates the consequence or foundation of an antecedent clause. ‘ttala’ as a postposition means “confine” and is derived from the locomotion verb ‘ttaluta’. After ‘ttala’ is abstracted into “temporal path,” it obtains a confined meaning, that is, “on this of all days,” when conjugated with specific temporal nouns. This is one of the counter-expectations, and the progression of this change is discovered in modern Korean corpus. The mechanisms and principles by which grammaticalization of ‘ttaluta > ttala’ arises are unidirectionality, subjectification and decategorization.
6,400
초록보기
This paper discussed general grammatical features and grammaticalization mechanism regarding postposition developed from conditional verb form in modern Japanese. Aside from verbs that express visual, verbal and mental activities, some other verbs are used as the object of postposition and the postposition appears when these verbs are used in the form of 「sureba」, 「suruto」, or 「shitemo」. These conditional forms are used when a narrator’s intention, determination or desire is not involved in the causality between protasis and apodosis like in the sentence: “When you look at a lemon, saliva flows.” When transitioning from main verb to postposition, they lose autonomy and are used in the fixed word form together with noun. In the process where a verb changes into postposition, mechanism such as metonymy, metaphor or reanalysis is confirmed. Moreover, implication within a conditional expression, which is a characteristic holding possibility of changes in conditions leading to that in results, is also maintained in the usage of postposition.

On spatial nouns and adpositions in Mandarin

( Francesco-alessio Ursini ) , ( Haiping Long )
7,300
초록보기
The goal of this paper is to present and discuss data shedding light on the relation between Mandarin spatial nouns and adpositions. It is shown that spatial nouns can also participate in constructions usually including prepositions, and postpositions or “localisers” (e.g. Basic Locative Construction, discourse ellipsis, locative inversion), mediated via the presence of the possessive marker de. An account of these seldom discussed data is offered, based on Lexical Syntax. The core proposal is that adpositions and spatial nouns can combine to form adpositional phrases. However, spatial nouns have morpho-syntactic properties restricting their distribution in these phrases, which is akin to those displayed by postpositions/localisers. Therefore, spatial nouns and localisers can be better conceived as sub-types of a “place word” nominal category.
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