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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치



  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 중어중문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-2943
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
수록 범위 : 106권 0호 (2021)

AI 시대 중국 고전문학 연구의 새로운 방법론 탐색

김준연 ( Kim Joonyoun )
한국중국어문학회|중국문학  106권 0호, 2021 pp. 1-28 ( 총 28 pages)
This study was conducted to suggest how Chinese classical literature researchers should respond the time when the words “fourth industrial revolution” and “AI era” became hot issues around the world. Although it is not yet clear what the meaning of the fourth industrial revolution is, many people are emphasizing the importance of “big data” and “artificial intelligence.” We need to collect ‘data' and process ‘information' to create ‘knowledge' and provide ‘better understanding' for our research. For this reason, I think that the researchers in Chinese classical literature also should adapt well to the AI era and find innovative methodologies. In this paper, I reviewed five detailed areas to explore new methodologies in Chinese classical literature research. Computational criticism is an attempt to understand literary texts using corpus stylistics as the main methodology. Both in terms of macro-views expressed by Franco Moretti as “distant reading” and in vocabulary-level exploration are expected to be effective. Big data seems useful when trying to find meaningful information through data mining techniques. Better results are expected when linked to network analysis. Artificial intelligence can find advantages in co-occurrence analysis using text processing models such as 'Word2Vec'. The application of sentence similarity analysis will help with comparison between different versions and the creation of the authors' genealogy. Machine translation is not yet expected to be stable reading of original texts and annotations. However, it is expected to contribute to lowering the language barrier in the process of obtaining secondary data in modern languages. Information visualization does not seem to have been activated in both GIS-based literature maps and infographics fields. I hope that more active exploration and attempts will be carried out in conjunction with the field of Chinese classical literature education. However, it is not desirable to overlook the fact that using computers in Chinese classical literature research is ultimately researchers. In other words, discovering research problems and finding solutions is human, not AI. In order to find a research problem, researchers must first read the target texts meticulously. If we have determined that “calculation” is necessary to solve research problems, it is better to find the optimal and best solution with the help of a computer expert than to solve it by ourselves.

딥러닝 언어모델과 중국어 문법 ―BERT를 활용한 방향보어의 예측 모형을 중심으로

강병규 ( Kang Byeongkwu )
한국중국어문학회|중국문학  106권 0호, 2021 pp. 29-57 ( 총 29 pages)
In this study, we investigated how accurately the BERT model can predict Chinese directional complement. In addition, we analyzed which words the BERT model uses as an important clue in the Chinese directional complement inference process. According to the results of this study, it can be seen that the BERT model shows excellent performance in inferring distributional features and grammatical relationships based on transfer learning. Results of experiments with five Chinese directional complements show that the accuracy rate of predictions is quite high. In addition, as a result of analysis using the masked language model, it was found that the BERT model appropriately uses important clues to determine Chinese directional complement in context. We believe that this study is not only meaningful in the field of NLP, but also provides insight into Chinese grammar research or language education. If this methodology is properly utilized, it will be possible to establish an application system for Chinese grammar research and education. In Neural network models, sufficient language data learning allows us to predict which language expressions are more natural to use. Proper use of these advantages will give us insight into Chinese grammatical functions. This Chinese grammar prediction system will also help Chinese learners improve their skills by showing them what expressions are grammatically correct.

중국어 음성합성: 진단과 과제

이옥주 ( Lee Ok Joo )
한국중국어문학회|중국문학  106권 0호, 2021 pp. 59-82 ( 총 24 pages)
Recent years have witnessed the remarkable improvement of speech synthesis technology, which is a fundamental component of numerous AI programs. Chinese text-to-speech technology, which has been also rapidly improved, is used in a variety of programs for language teaching and learning as well as automatic translation. This paper examines major problems with Chinese synthesized speech in several widely-used programs, and discusses the prosodic modeling and the types of speech database that can be used to enhance the naturalness of synthesized speech sounds. It further notes that an increasing body of interdisciplinary research between phonetics and engineering may help to develop new analytic methods in the field of Chinese phonology and phonetics.

중국의 교육 현대화와 인공지능

박지현 ( Park Jihyun )
한국중국어문학회|중국문학  106권 0호, 2021 pp. 83-110 ( 총 28 pages)
In 2010, the Chinese government announced the “National Plan for Medium and Long Term Education Reform and Development” (国家中长期教育改革和发展规劃纲要). In 2019, it launched “China’s Education Modernization 2035” (中国教育现代化2035) and accelerated its promotion of ‘education modernization’ as a national strategy to build a great modern socialist country by 2050. This paper analyzes the impact of artificial intelligence issues which have arisen since 2017 on the development and strategizing of education modernization, taking the view that education informatization is the main driving force behind modernization.

“무도즉은(無道則隱)”의 ‘은(隱)’ 해석

정진걸 ( Jeong Jin Geol )
한국중국어문학회|중국문학  106권 0호, 2021 pp. 111-130 ( 총 20 pages)
The paper tries to understand the behavior of the Tang recluse. Many people believe that the seclusion of a hermit is a matter for personal peace, And They feel that recluse is living out of society. In this way, the hermit of the Tang Dynasty criticized their behavior. In fact, the HermInIans studied Confucius. So Confucius's view of seclusion is also learning. Their behavior is understandable only when they understand Confucius' view. Confucius viewed the social responsibility of intellectuals very important. Although he was trying to escape during the chaos of national chaos, he served himself as an official in the midst of chaos. It contained critical spirit in the privacy of solitude. Because of this reason, Confucius respected Bai yi, Shu zhai because of this reason. When Confucius lived in seclusion, he refused to keep pace with society. After returning to Lu, he went back to work for the students. Those who are willing to serve the emperor, who are willing to serve, maintain the spirit of criticism, are all imbued with the Confucian spirit.

4언시 〈정운(停雲)〉의 시의(詩意) 전개 및 시체(詩體) 고찰 ―도연명과 소식을 중심으로

朴素鉉 ( Park So-hyun )
한국중국어문학회|중국문학  106권 0호, 2021 pp. 131-156 ( 총 26 pages)
Four-word poems were based on a verse form that already achieved an independent style of four-word poem as well as inherited the verse form of the Book of Odes (詩經). In particular, despite its formality that makes it difficult to reveal literary achievements compared with five-word poems with fewer writers composing poems, four-word poems written by Tao Yuanming made outstanding achievements. First of all, four-word poems of Tao Yuanming, which were originated from and inherited the verse form of the Book of Odes, not only were consistent with the teaching of the Book saying ‘rise in the emotion but stop in courtesy (發乎情, 止乎禮義)’ but also featured gentle and soft style and had strong compassion (溫柔敦厚), containing the sincere will and preference of the writer. At the same time, the distinct characteristics and literary achievements that he accomplished through his four-word poems, which were different from those of other writers, were free from the poems of the Book of Odes although they were based on them and contained the unique ‘naturalness’ and ‘sincerity’ of Tao Yuanming. In other words, his four-word poems written on the basis of his natural talent rather than by learning as if peaceful energy of the heaven and the earth gathers (冲和之氣), seemed natural without decorating and neat and elegant, and had a quality of living free from worldly cares. In addition, these qualities reflected in his daily life as well as were embodied in his works, indicating his life being consistent with his works. On the other hand, Su Shi who composed serial poetry of persons for the first time, opening the literary spirit of drinking poems, wrote the echo poems (和韻) of Jeongun (停雲) of Tao Yuanming but achieved a style different from those of him. It resulted from his disposition as well as his motives for creation. Unlike Tao Yuanming who voluntarily decided his position, Su Shi was not able to achieve natural will and preference as he tried to learn those of Tao Yuanming when he lost his position after entering government service. Furthermore, Su Shi’s Jeongun written in the Song Dynasty, which was much later than Eastern Jin Dynasty when Tao Yuanming lived, were quite different from the verse style of original four-word poems in terms of formality.

한맹시파(韓孟詩派) 연구시(聯句詩)의 특징

김해민 ( Kim Hae Min )
한국중국어문학회|중국문학  106권 0호, 2021 pp. 157-177 ( 총 21 pages)
The Lian Ju Shi(聯句詩 or Joint Sentences Poem) that began with the Han Dynasty Bai Liang Ti was created in earnest at the Zhong Tang, and among them, the Lian Ju Shi(聯句詩 or Joint Sentences Poem) of the Han Meng School of poetry(韓孟詩派) are considered the highest peak of Lian Ju Shi(聯句詩 or Joint Sentences Poem). Lian Ju Shi(聯句詩 or Joint Sentences Poem) in which several people create one piece of work, not only has an entertaining function, but also competes for talents among participants, therefore creating a strong sense of competition for each other. The Lian Ju Shi(聯句詩 or Joint Sentences Poem) of the Han Meng School of poetry(韓孟詩派) used contents that were not covered in the previous Lian Ju Shi(聯句詩 or Joint Sentences Poem) while having the basic characteristics of the Lian Ju Shi(聯句詩 or Joint Sentences Poem), and various changes were made in the formal aspect of the Lian Ju Shi(聯句詩 or Joint Sentences Poem). This study examines the characteristics of the Lian Ju Shi(聯句詩 or Joint Sentences Poem) created by the Han Meng School of poetry(韓孟詩派), comparison with the Lian Ju Shi(聯句詩 or Joint Sentences Poem) created by Bai Ju Yi and Liu Yu Xi, who were active in the same period. I will examine the characteristics of the Lian Ju Shi(聯句詩 or Joint Sentences Poem) of the Han Meng School of poetry(韓孟詩派), and analyze the means of the Lian Ju Shi(聯句詩 or Joint Sentences Poem) used by the Han Meng School of poetry(韓孟詩派) through these features.
This study, from the diachronic perspective, based on the field surveys and some interviews, verifies the present geographic names of the places which were passed by the Joseon(朝鮮) envoys, especially around the castle of Changyi County(昌邑縣城) to the castle of Wei County(濰縣城) of Laizhou(萊州府) in Ming(明) Dynasty. It will help to confirm and reconstruct the shipping routes of the Joseon(朝鮮) envoys in Laizhou(萊州府) during the alternation of Ming(明) and Qing(靑) Dynasties. According to the analysis and field surveys, the names of the places passed by the Joseon envoys from the castle of Changyi County(昌邑縣城) to the castle of Wei County(濰縣城) in Laizhou(萊州府) are reconstructed as follows: ① Xinying Station(新營堡) - ② Beibang Station(北逄 鋪) - ③ Wanglu Station(王祿店/王奴店/王耨鋪) - ④ “Bohai jinhou” pole(“渤海襟喉”欛門/王白鋪) - ⑤ Forty distance Station(四十里舖/牛埠鋪) - ⑥ Wang,Yanfang Village(“營丘舊封”欛門/王彥方故里 /寒亭/汉亭店/寒亭古驛亭/寒亭古驛) - ⑦ Hanzhu River(“古亭寒水”欛門/寒浞河/浞河)- ⑧ An, Pingzhong Village(平仲古里/晏平仲故里/濰縣二十里舖/朱毛鋪) - ⑨ Ten distance Station(十里舖/孔文擧舊治/“文舉甘棠”欛門/趙疃鋪) -⑩ East Dan River Bridge(東丹河橋/虞河橋/漁河橋/濰河橋) -⑪ East Dan River(東丹河/虞河/濰河/囊沙上流處/淮水/東渡河)- ⑫ Bailang Bridge(“北通渤海 南遡穆陵” 欛門/通濟橋/白浪橋) -⑬ Bailang River(白浪河/白狼河/古白浪河) - ⑭ the castle of Wei County(濰縣城)

예술적 역사 서술: 《석궤서(石匱書)》 연구(硏究)

이은진 ( Lee Eun Jin )
한국중국어문학회|중국문학  106권 0호, 2021 pp. 213-234 ( 총 22 pages)
The tradition of describing historical facts as ‘artistic' way rather than ‘descriptive' way has slowly disappeared, and there are only analytical and descriptive way to describe history now. In addition, some argued that when a historian describes history, history should not contain its own opinions or opinions at all, and history should be colorless. Short, compressed, and dry description is easy to deliver historical information, but not enough to read the life and meaning of the times. The goal of the study is to explore the possibility of historical writing that not only describe the historical facts and truths that the historian wants to deliver, but also achieve touching and persuasion through artistic composition and expression. From the perspective of a literary researcher, this study analyze the 《SHI KUI SHU (石匱書)》, extract several literary abilities of historians from his history. First, ZhangDai admired SimaQian’s writing style so much, he wanted to write a history that succeed to 《SHI JI(史記)》. Five compositions of history-presented in a series of biographies(紀傳體) were actively utilized. Above all, it maintained the same composition as 《SHI JI(史記)》 by adding “Noble family biographies(世家)” that had been omitted from many history since 《SHI JI (史記)》. Second, This study paid attention to the artistry of the “Lunzan(論贊)” section recorded in the form of “石匱書曰” “總論” “附論”. Each “Lunzan” section reveals the historical perspective and evaluation criteria of ZhangDai for events and characters. Because he was a literary man with excellent literary skills, each sentence of “Lunzan(論贊)” touched a person, the reader was intimidated by his stern judgment, and felt persuaded by his one word. He used a firm tone that revealed his confident spirit as a historian. Third, 《SHI KUI SHU (石匱書)》 achieved a combination of history and literature by utilizing various metaphors and exotic expressions. It compares human bodies and diseases to political situations, and uses expressions such as the ecology of animals and insects. This made the reader more aware of events and characters more vividly and gave them a rich imagination. 《SHI KUI SHU (石匱書)》 is a meaningful history that reminds us of the possibility of artistic writing in history.

망국(亡國)과 사물 ―팔대산인(八大山人) 화조화(花鳥畵) 작품 개설

이주현 ( Lee Juhyun )
한국중국어문학회|중국문학  106권 0호, 2021 pp. 235-261 ( 총 27 pages)
In Bada Shanren's artworks, it is hard to find a harmonious and united world that has traditionally been built in Chinese literati painting. The flowers, trees, fish, and birds in his paintings look shabby and lonely and have negative feelings such as anger and sadness. These objects reflect his despair as a descendant of the Ming in the Ming and Qing transition period. In his poems, the images symbolizing the Ming appear repeatedly, such as bright and round moon, yellow and red colour. At the same time, there are some situations that one cannot achieve something even though one tries to. Moreover, the fish that symbolize the loyalists of the Ming are watching the world outside the water with their upward eyes. The gaze with anger was toward the turncoats who became the servants of the Qing Dynasty. The view also shows the paradox of a fish hidden or trapped in the water, contrary to the desire to be majestic in the outside world. In the world of Bada, birds that are generally free to move with their wings are not much different from fish in the water. The solitary bird feels lonely and misses its mate, and the two birds are at odds. The broken love, separation, and sadness of losing one's mate in his poems depicting birds were the images of the people who lost their own country. Ultimately, their weak and shabby appearances were the self-images of Bada Shanren who has no hope to regain his mother country anymore.
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