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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

한국문학연구검색

The Studies in Korean Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 국어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-4373
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 26권 0호 (2003)

차가운 전쟁의 기억: ‘여성적’ 글쓰기와 역사의 침묵읽기

조은 ( Cho Uhn )
5,900
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Still it is a vexing question how to represent the Korean War and its impact on Koreans' everyday life even after 50 years armistice. We are accustomed both to repeating outspoken stories of nightmares of the War on one side and to persisting silence of the war experience on the other. It is the contested terrain for new interpretation to make stories out of them. To name her own work, The House in Silence(Chimmukeuro Jiungib) historiographic metafiction, this essay purports to problematize the way of representing those silenced memories in Korean literary works. It deconstructs the boundary and grammar of novel to historicize perilous memories, recalling that history and fiction are themselves historical terms and that their definitions and interrelations are historically determined and vary with time. And it reveals how certain gendered trauma and events are silenced, and excluded in postwar novels. It demands to re-read war stories, precisely addressing the question of the relation of 'story' and 'history'-writing to truth and locating "the problematic site" of the fluidity between fiction and nonfiction, autobiography and history, and family stories and ethnography. Writing 'feminine' and crossing over fiction and history can be endless story making work site to be tackled.

심하(深河) 전역(戰役)과 김장군전(金將軍傳)

이승수 ( Lee Seung-soo )
7,100
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A war destroys the world's order and peace of life suddenly and all at once. Terror, anxiety and fraction that are hard to manage may bear literature. All creatures have instinct to maintain calmness overcoming such a state. Literature governed by power creates heros through mythic lyrics and splendid rhetorics. In addition, literature hides the brutal reality of a war and tries to forget the responsibility of power. It promotes the reintegration and reunification of society, covering up contradiction and irrationality. Such direction of literature techniques exerts a symbolic influence to the reiteration of unhappy history. In this paper, I examined the correlations among war, literature and politics, focused on General Kim Story(金將軍傳), written after the Shimha War in 1619(深河戰役). General Kim Story can be found in the book, "Chung Yeol Rok(忠烈錄)" which is the collection of writings and drawings, as well as his great achievements in life time, in memory of a general named Kim Eung-Ha(金應河). However, the Story hides the reality and responsibility of the war and covers up an intention to facilitate ideological integration through great achievements of a figure. The image of Kim Eung-Ha is ideologically fixed, in line with the direction of political direction of power, and the experience of the war those days does not function as a beneficial memory to the following war. There is a proposition that the whole history is the history of the present times. General Kim Story has only focused on general Kim Eung-Ha's great achievements; thus, it blocked an opportunity to utilize the valuable experience of the war as historical assets. Here lies the reason why General Kim Story should be reviewed in a critical way today. To prevent the reoccurrence of painful history, we should thoroughly investigate the painful incident and conduct sincere reflection of it. To do so, we should avoid an attitude to conceal the reality behind the glory, and see objects without turning away from the wounds and scars of the painful history. In this manner, we could sever the repetition cycle of the painful history. Literature may be used as a tool to maintain power, and it can create a false image, relying on magnificent rhetorics, while turning away from the painful reality. Thus, literature may create an inertia that can reiterate mistakes without a notice, concealing irregularities and contradictions, as well as forgetting the responsibility of power. This is the very reason why literature cannot avoid the historical responsibility.
1,000
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7,500
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The Manchu War of 1636(丙子胡亂) was the most humiliating experience to the noble men(士大夫) in Chosun Period. The noble men in the Chosun Period left their experiences through various writings. The work to overcome the defeat in reality and recover Chosun's pride by creating stories about those who resisted the invasion of Ching Dynasty lasted for a certain period of time. Samhaksa (三學士, Three patriotic people) were the symbolic figures during the Manchu War that decorated the front page of such a story. Although they were those who provided the cause of the war, since they rejected a reconciliation, they were portrayed as victims who showed Chosun noblemen's spirit with their death and who lost everything in the story. Song Si-Yul(宋時烈), a member of anti-reconciliation group(斥和派,), emphasized sacrifice by depicting suffering that the Samhaksa and their families had, while unfolding an antagonistic attitude to Ching(淸) Dynasty and pro-reconciliation group. His statement that governed the political circles and the world of thought those days through advocating to conquer the North wiped out contradicting evaluations and various rumors surrounding Samhaksa and indicated the whole situation with dominant narrative, a dying in loyalty. Since then, Samhaksa remained as the symbol of a dying in defense of one's loyalty until the Chosun Dynasty collapsed, while the pro-reconciliation group including Choi Myung-Gil(崔鳴吉) remained as those who did not know loyalty like a barbarian. The descendants of Choi Myung-Gil attempted a counterattack through an anecdote; however, their counterattack could not overcome such an authority. In Shenyang(沈陽) during the 1930s, a part of the tombstone that Ching Dynasty erected, after they were impressed by the loyalty of Samhaksa, was discovered. Although, concrete evidence was not found through literature, the descendants of Samhaksa who were the officials and soldiers during the Japanese Colonial Rule built the tombstone again through collection of donations. This can be seen as spiritual cooperation to Machuria rule of Japan, not just a worship to their ancestors. As reinstatement of Samhaksa was made in line with the discussion of the Korean people, this tombstone was also colored as a symbol of the tragic history. This manipulated memory disturbs the way to heal the historical wounds by preventing our reflection and self-examination.

「고난의 역사를 기억하기」에 대한 토론문

이지양
1,000
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5,800
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Many Koreans thought that the Japanese invasion of China in 1937 gave the opportunity of emancipation of fatherland from the imperial Japan. After the fall of Wuhan and the retreat of Chinese nationalist government to Chongqing in October 1938, many koreans thought that there is no hope of liberation. Therefore, Koreans was divided into two groups. One is the collaboration, the other is resistance. The Korean literature was also polarized into two groups. Many writers are willing to resist to Japanese imperialism. Kim sa-rang wants to fight with Japan by way of novel and so on. His novel Cheonma(the horse of heaven) is very important in this writing. He criticized the pro-Japanese writer in this novel. Many writers are willing to collaborate with Japan. Lee suk-hoon wants to be a loyal subject of Imperial Japan. His novel Goyohanpokpoong(the silent storm) is the novel of collaborating. He represent the inner conflict of pro-Japanese writer of propaganda tour around the regional areas and the overcoming of that tension. Though the place of war between China and Japan is out of korean peninsula, that is very crucial in Korean literature under the Japanese rule.

「중일전쟁 이후 문학계의 양극화와 식민주의」에 대한 질의

와타나베나오키
4,500
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문예영화와 공유기억(commemoration) 만들기 ―한국전쟁의 경험과 역사의 재구성

권명아 ( Kwon Myoung-a )
6,600
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Recent studies about Korean war exhibits a tendency to four direction. The first is a series of studies regarding the 'origin of Korean War'. This kind of studies are primarily concern about political mechanism between South Korea and North Korea, which was effected by the world power. The second is the total research about the real aspects of Korean War, which is intended to include not only political aspect but also social, cultural aspects. The third is the research regarding the difference way of experience which produced by the diversity of positionality. The fourth is the research about the way of reproduction and appropriation of experience of Korean war. This type of research primarily concern about the ideological state apparatus(this concept was originated in Louis Althusser). This study is based on this preceding research. This study is especially focus one the way of reproduction and appropriation of the experience of Korean war. This these primarily concern about the way of reproduction and appropriation of the experience of Korean war which produced by ideological state apparatus: the cultural policy, education of the national History, and making national commemoration. Since 1950's the film industry adhered to a national undertaking. In 1960's literary picture was mass produced. The mass production of literary picture was resulted from compromise between state apparatus and the cultural industry. The literary picture have been play an important part in reproduction and appropriation of experience of Korean war, and making revision of the past, making commemoration.

「문예영화와 공유기억 만들기」에 대한 토론문

김인호
1,000
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종합토론

동국대학교한국문학연구소
5,600
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