Jean Toomer`s Blood-Burning Moon contains abundant prototypical symbols, a circular structure, and a unique poetic style, which altogether describe the characters` internal states in a lyrical and exquisite way. The various images, symbolic aspects of metastasis, and the circular structure are connected with the identity of the writer as a mulato, as well as the topic of racial discrimination. In Chapter 1, the phases of the moon which has ambivalence shows an iterative circularity, and also implies the fate of blacks who experience death in the life of slaves and again aspire to life in death. The symbolic code of a full moon has varied from the diffusion of light and the olfactory image of boiling sugar cane to the auditory image of a Black spiritual, which serves as what Roland Barthes called a hermeneutic code. In Chapter 2, the symbolic code of twilight has also been transmitted to the characteristics of moonlight and the smell of sugar cane, which acts as a proairetic code that brings about conflict among the characters. At the same time, the light of dusk helps to feel diverse senses of rhythm, changing from vision to smell, and further to hearing. In Chapter 3, the image of an immobile stone, in contrast to the mobile moonlight and the flow of a song, accentuates the scapegoat being burnt at the stake and the assailant`s violence. Besides, the demonical images scattered throughout the novel correspond to the system of prototypical images that Northrop Frye analyzed. This symbolic contrast contributes to thematizing humans` malicious acts and destruction of humanity which are ascribed to racial discrimination. The song that is repeated even three times reflects black people`s wish and perpetual Zeitlichkeit. It means enduring the reality and delivering wisdom to the future, depending on the Ewige Wieder-Kunft of the moon. The elements in the sense of rhythm that are related to the moon`s duplicity play a role in binding or differentiating the three, Tom Burwell, Bob Stone, and Louisa, thereby helping to form the twofold identity of each character. In particular, in the inner world of Bob Stone onto whom Toomer`s voice has been projected the most is there a mixture of the past-oriented whites` arrogance and identity-lacking blacks. The extreme expression of whites` anxiety and segregative attitude due to the shaking economic base turns into severe lynching of Tom. However, the twilight and moonlight function as a source that casts an auditory-malerisch image, as well as a symbolic element that arouses Bob`s conscience, whereupon they derive aesthetic fulfillment.