This study is about the < Sim, The Blind > which written by Chae, Man-Sik with one novel and two dramas. His works are a response on the question which had been made while the traditional story about 'Sim-Chung' was transmitted. < Simcheong-Jeon(沈靑 傳) >'s theme is 'Hyo[孝: filial piety]' and the heroine 'Sim- Cheong' who sacrificed herself for her blind father, is a personification of 'Hyo'.
As a modern writer, Chae, Man-Sik made the answer to the question like these, 'what is 'Hyo' in his days?', as to say, 'what is a good relation of parents and offsprings in this modern society?'. His works have a signification in the point of showing the fusion of horizons between the tradition and the modern. And, those can play the important role to make understood the tradition handed down in the structure of demanding and answering.
Chae, Man-Sik transformed the traditional story in three points. First of all, he expelled the magical power which guaranteed the reward given to the people who did good deeds. Second, he reformed 'Sim, the blind' from the pity to the victim of the desire to success in the a government official's career. And, his wife and his daughter were the scapegoats for the blind desire. This is similar to the capitalistic desire which is indiscriminate in qualities. The last point, he transformed the happy end to the tragic end. In his works, Sim, the blind recovered his sight wishing to see the face of his daughter, Sim-Chung. But, on the spot of recognizing of the death of her, he thrust his eyes with his fingers. With this, the rewriting texts show the dilemma between the individual and the world.
Chae, Man-Sik made his answers on the tradition of Sim- Cheong's story through rewriting that. In modern society, the virtue of 'Hyo' is losing the effect, what is worse, is exploited by capitalistic desire which can possess the parents. This is the answer made by the modern novelist, Chae, Man-Sik to the relatively eternal issue of life. He shows the possible way to transmit the tradition. And, his method should be introduced to the present students who are subjects to hand over the tradition and make that in their cultural horizon.