The objects of this study are sino-korean novels written in the period of civilization. And this study aims at examining a consciousness of authors and themes in novels and classifying the types of them. For these purposes, first of all, I divided novels into three categories in terms of the way of presenting a theme. One category includes works of a reactionary style, another works with intent to civilization, and the third is about searching for a compromise. I discussed five works as a whole. Two of them, Namhongryang-jeon and Oyugeosa-jeon are under the first category. Ilnyeomhong and Dajeong-dahan are works or intending civilization. And Mongyu-rok by Kim, Kwangsu is examined as a work of the third category.
Namhongryang-jeon, the work of a reactionary style, reflects the consciousness that tends to realize a wealthy, powerful nation by means of recovering the oriental spirit and improving technology. Oyugeosa-jeon emphasizes the nostalgia for and the will to restore a confucius ritual being carried out in a special region, Seonsan. These works are common not to show a profound consideration for a civilization. Ilnyeomhong, standing for a civilized consciousness, is center on a introduction and a reception a modem technology of the West in regard of stressing a need of the western business and education. Dajeong-dahan proposes a civilization of a spiritual aspect through being concerned with spreading Christianity. Mongyu-rok is the work searching for a compromise. This novel regards the oriental spirit to a constant value, while it contains a intent to realize a wealthy, powerful nation by learning the western institution and a usage of the machinery.
As a following task, I tried to systematically theorize the above argument. First, I arranged four measures, the East, the West, the spirit, and the material, which owe to the debate of politicians in the period of civilization. And I drew out four types from those measures, Dongdo-seogi(the east spirit & the west material), Dongdo-donggi(the east spirit & the east material), Seodo-seogi(the west spirit & the west material), Seodo-doaggi(the west spirit & the east material). In my opinion, these types are just effective frames for analysing the sino-korean novels written in that period in relation to an authorial consciousness or the thematic consciousness. Then I linked these types to the above works. As a result, the works of a reactionary style corresponded to the type of Dongcio-donggi, the works of intending civilization to the type of Seodo-seogi, and the works of searching for a compromise to the type of Dongdo-seogi. However the novels under the type of Seodo-donggi were not found because maybe it is difficult to actually exist the works of that type.
If I refine the theory of the above four types, I can systematically classify the authorial consciousness or the thematic consciousness of the general sino-korean novel in the period of civilization. I think, these boundaries and the way of division will be an effective method for understanding those novels in a multiple spectrum. Of course, for verifying a propriety of the faith, I must exemplify all of the sino-korean novels written in that times. The logic of this study will be firm by a close investigation of the rest novels. But I will leave the study to the next chance as a task for a long time.