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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

한국문학이론과 비평검색

Korean literary theory and criticism (KLTC)


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 국문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1598-3501
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 17권 0호 (2002)

편집인의 말

김종구
1,000
키워드보기
초록보기

탈출과 방랑의 모티프

이재선 ( Lee Jae-son )
6,100
초록보기
This is intended to approach the thematic study on Korean novel. For case study, two motifs, such as Escape and Wandering or Wanderer are suggested as intensively related aspects to characteristics of modern Korean novel. Escape has negative meaning to go away from reality and responsibility, but we can find also positive side to transcend from reality to better world and to direct from closed, confined space to open, free liberation. In modern Korean literature, Yum Sang-Sup’s “Before Hurrah” and Choi Hak-Song's "Escape Record” are works of prototype of escape motif. After these novels escape motif transformed continually and appeared as important motif in modem Korean novel. Wandering and Wanderer are found in 'Flying Dutchman’ and ‘The Wandering Jew’ motif in Western literature. How the western motifs are related with Korean novels? The motif of the former is transformed in Kim Dong- In's "Baetaragi” and chat of the latter appears in Lee Moon-Yoel's “Son of Man". These Korean novels are transforming successfully those western motifs.

현대시와 나비의 시학

윤지영 ( Youn Ji-young )
6,500
초록보기
A lot of butterfly motif are appeared in Korean modem poetry. So it is possible to write to history of Korean poetry through the motif of butterfly. First of all, the butterfly with the flower is symbol of the man who have desire. But the meaning of butterfly in the Korean traditional poetry is different from the modern poetry. The former is desire of man, the latter is free of man's desire, for example in the 1930’s modern poetry. In the 1950’s modern poetry, the butterfly symbolizes the Beauty or the Joy. The butterfly is observed in the space like the sea or the battle. It is the symbol of the being-in-the-world. In particular, the meaning of the butterfly Wien down the sea is the mystery and eternality of the world. And, the butterfly in the battle or the city is the victim of' circumstance, as the human in the modern world. In terms of the Korean traditional concept, the butterfly means the spirit with the hatred(恨). What can it make possible to express various aspects about human-being through butterfly motif is to rich meaning from human experience condensed into that motif. In other words, butterfly represents human-beings.

현대소설과 동물의 주제학

이수정 ( Lee Sue-jung )
6,700
초록보기
Literary ideas on animals have been appearing since ancient times until now. Along with such a long continuance, the symbolic meanings of animals have been changing according to ages and societies, and being implemented in different imaginations and patterns. Accordingly, as human lives get more diverse and individualized, the meanings and functions of animal images are highly likely to be reinterpreted. Particularly, they are significant in thematic research. In this context, the objective of this study was to investigate what structural functions and meanings animal images and motifs had in Korean modern novels between the 1920s ~ the 1930s, when the feudalistic and monophonic value system was declined, and life began to be viewed from dynamic viewpoints. Particularly, because various literary trends and techniques were developed during this period, it is presumed that animal images and motifs became media leading narrations with their various metaphorical meanings and functions. Therefore, their functions and meanings were largely classified into four types in this paper. The first type is that animals were typified as the agents of specific ideologies as in tendency novels. The second type is that animals close to human beings were introduced and were compared to human nature as in Lee Hyo-seok's novels. The third type is that the aspects of human life were revealed allegorically as in Lee Sang's novels. The fourth type is that animal images were imported in describing terrible figures to heighten the tension of surrounding situations and strengthen ironical effects as in romantic novels. Although this classification reflects the literary characteristics or that age, the temporal and social particularity can be highlighted only on the assumption that there is a common ground in a diachronic and universal context. Therefore, it is essential in thematic research to have a critical eye penetrating the past, the present and the future, based on rich knowledge.

1930년대 모더니즘 소설에 나타난 은유로서의 질병의 근대적 의미

임병권 ( Lim Byoung-kwon )
6,200
초록보기
In the 1930s' Korean modern novels there appear a lot of ‘illness’ motifs. This phenomenon was not coincidental. The purpose of this critical essay is to elucidate the meaning of illness as metaphor appeared in the text of Korean major modern writers in the 1930s. Physical pain is associated with illness of the external world. Modern Korean intellectuals tended to perceive modernity as the other, which is, symbolically, represented as illness in th text. Intellectuals in the 1930s paid their attention to it and treated, metaphorically, illness as a kind of critical mechanism to modernity, in the modern times, the dominant conception of illness shifted from the passive to the active. The victim of illness was not merely a physical patient but a social being stripped of voice. The patient in the text tried to recover the lost voice, as a wounded storyteller, to tell social problems in the modern era. In short, ‘illness’ as metaphor works as a symbolical critique to the 1930s’ colonial society seeking for modernity enforced from the outside.

박목월 시에 나타난 신성과 신비의 베일로서의 어스름

유혜숙
6,300
초록보기
This study is concerned with the diachronic creating process of Park Mokwol’s poetry, expecially with the poet’s obsessive metaphor ‘light purple twilight’. The ‘light purple twilight' metaphors got changed continuously going through Mokwoel's diachronic creating process. In his early works, Mokwoel shows light purple twilight which exists in the nature such as ‘inae’(mountain mist), cloud, moonlight, etc. In his middle and latter works, however, he expresses the twilight on his own mentality, and the twilight disappear in the latter works. 'Light purple twilight' stands as a symbol of the veil of divinity in Mokwoel’s works. Purple is a color mixture of red and blue. Each of the red and blue symbolizes the sensibility and intelligence. The purple, as a mixture of sensibility and intelligence, is used for the symbol of divine being in Christianity. Mokwoel wandered between the sensibility and intelligence in his adolescence and manhood. But all the time he showed his inclination for the divinity. Such inclination for the divinity was symbolized by being obsessed ‘light purple twilight', the eclectic or transcendental color. For a while Mokwoel's inclination for divinity was showed as 'attachment to his mother'. The moonlight metaphor which is obsessively used in his works, is interpreted as a symbol for his mother. Mother’s love is similar to God's love. In his old age, Mokwoel was converted to Christianity. And his obsessive color image turned into the white from the twilight in his latter works. It means that his spirit is oriented to the absolute being from the turbid transitional point and auxiliary God like his mother.

「셔유견문록」의 문예적 실상과 교육적 가치

김기영 ( Kim Ki-young )
6,700
초록보기
As a poem of a trip to England as an envoy, 「Seoyu-gyeonmunnok」 is very noteworthy in respect of the first experiential ‘poem of a trip abroad,' This this poem has a perfect form of trip verse : that is, ‘Departure -Journey- Destination-Homecoming.’ As a whole, it is composed of 5 chief divisions and 30 subdivisions. According to a metrical structure of 2 feet in 1 phrase, a set of 3 letters and 4 ones(3 · 4) amounts to 25 percent and a set of 4 letters and 4 ones(4 · 4) 69 percent in all 853 phrases. Besides, there are other variations of letters in a phrase such as a set or l · 5, 2 · 2, 3 · 5, and 6 · 5, etc. According to a line structure, 4 feet in 1 line amounts to 97 percent overwhelmingly in all lines. Like all the other best poems, the literary beauty of this one is developed with all the possible rhetorics single or mixed. Among them the frequent use of exclamation can be especially pointed out, by which we can sympathize with how the author was fascinated with the developed cultures of foreign countries, with other customs different from ours, and with the remarkable sceneries. Creating a sense of rhythm with dictions or folk song and repetition and using conversational style properly are the expressional merits of this poem. This poem presents faithfully the author’s experiences which include the process of his reaching the destination to attend the coronation ceremony of King Edward VII of England and of staying there and the journey of homecoming. The author describes the advanced civilization and institutions and the famous natural and civilizational sceneries and the natural phenomena of foreign countries with an attitude of absolute admiration or acceptance. Also, he's interested in the foreigners he met, and it’s especially noteworthy that he’s very friendly to the white people. A visit to the countries to the west of China led to him finding Buddha’s lire. The literary excellence of this poem is very high. Therefore, it's required to teach the aesthetic value of this poem at the field of literature education. This poem can be used as information about the international recognition of the intelligentsia at the enlightenment period and about the understanding of foreign sceneries at that time. Besides, it's necessary to teach the history of literature by examining this poem's developing a low-ranking field of trip verse. It’s also necessary to note that this poem is a treasury of the Korean vocabulary materials at the enlightenment period and it should be used as a material to study the Korean vocabulary at that time.

판소리의 제의적 특성과 구조 연구

오세정 ( Oh Se-jeong )
7,100
초록보기
This paper investigates the ritual-properties and ritual-structure of the Pansory-text. The Pansori has the particular features, these are made known through the ritual system. Especially the Panori-genre is connected with the festival(carnival). Solving the conflicts, Pansori could make people recover the vividness, regain former power, and enter the new world with the orgy of festival. Therefore the Pansori, there are upsets of the classes, various voices of the people and many dynamic activities. In the < Heungbo-ga興夫歌 >, the central conflict is the problem between economic classes; the rich(Nolbo) and the poor(Heungbo). The cutting off pumpkins, mimicry-struggle is the key activity to solve that problems in that society. Daedonje(大同祭), productive rite is the main structure in the < Heungbo-ga >. Individual characteristics and the beauty in the < Heungbo-ga > can be appear by studing the ritual-properties and structure. In the < Chunhyang-ga春香歌 >, there are conflicts of the social class; heroine Chunhyag is the humble classes of the people, but her lover Mongyong and his rival is nobleman. This Heroin should endure the pain, so to acquire love and rank-rising. In this sin that society In this story, the main ritual system is the rite of passage. In the < Simcheong-ga沈淸歌 >, the main ritual system is the ritual of affliction. There are two afflictions, one is that her father is blind, the other is that the seamen cannot sail because of the anger god of the sea. This heroin presents herself to the being of supernature or God. Therefore this ritual can be called sacrifice ritual and heroin be the scapegoat. Pansori basically has the structure and properties of the festival, but each stories have individual characters and beauty that each main ritual systems decide.

뇌연(雷淵) 남유용(南有容)의 작문론(作文論) 연구(硏究)

이영휘 ( Lee Young-hwi )
7,000
초록보기
YouYong Nam(南有容) with a pen name of NoiYeon(雷淵), who was born in a family of a good writer, was influenced by a family tradition and philosopher Lee Jae(李縡)with a pen name of DoAm(陶庵). Therefore, his discussion expresses in the way of the compromise of the two things. NoiYeon insists YIDA(二多) as a lot of reading and composition as the basis of a writing. NoiYeon about the discussion, compared with SAMDA(三多, three things we have to do a lot) that Yang Soo Koo(歐陽脩)suggested insists YIDA as a way that become automatical through much thinking in order to do that. Since the basis for a writing of NoiYeon who succeeded and developed SAMDA of Yang Soo Koo presented the way of reading of Han Yu(韓愈) and the books of Jong Won Yu(柳宗元), he intends to stay away from the reading and the composition which mean just figures. JEON IL GI KONG(專一之功) means where we should put our own energy to focus on. NoiYeon, that put the origin of a writing on DO(道), considered that the DO was split to three things. That is, those are DO, KOMUN(古文), and SIMUN(時文, the writing at the time). Although the DO was separated to three, he advised the pursuit for the state of DO and writing are one(道文一致) through JEON IL(專一) based on the DO. The necessary thing was to build up KI(氣, energy) in order to do JEON IL based on the DO. The sentence that NoiYeon realized is done by KI, so he said, “ No problem with KI, no problem with MUN.” It was wide and high energy(浩然之氣) of Mencius that NoiYeon mentioned. However, because GI(志) was against the KI, he emphasized that we should raise the KI via the thorough attitude of a study based on the DO of a Saint. If the one with the KI focuses on a lot reading and composition and does a composition, that composition reaches to SILKONG(實功). NoiYeon said that we should not lean on formalism, hue follow the law of a writing and seek for SIL(實). He also mentioned the attitude of a writing of KOAN GAIK MUN IN(館閣文入)or the writing will be big and long if you do a writing based on the DO. So, the theory of writing of NoiYeon didn't escape from the reality and was the principle of writing of a compromise that created the writing based on DO.

개화기 한문소설의 주제의식

조용호 ( Cho Yong-ho )
7,400
초록보기
The objects of this study are sino-korean novels written in the period of civilization. And this study aims at examining a consciousness of authors and themes in novels and classifying the types of them. For these purposes, first of all, I divided novels into three categories in terms of the way of presenting a theme. One category includes works of a reactionary style, another works with intent to civilization, and the third is about searching for a compromise. I discussed five works as a whole. Two of them, Namhongryang-jeon and Oyugeosa-jeon are under the first category. Ilnyeomhong and Dajeong-dahan are works or intending civilization. And Mongyu-rok by Kim, Kwangsu is examined as a work of the third category. Namhongryang-jeon, the work of a reactionary style, reflects the consciousness that tends to realize a wealthy, powerful nation by means of recovering the oriental spirit and improving technology. Oyugeosa-jeon emphasizes the nostalgia for and the will to restore a confucius ritual being carried out in a special region, Seonsan. These works are common not to show a profound consideration for a civilization. Ilnyeomhong, standing for a civilized consciousness, is center on a introduction and a reception a modem technology of the West in regard of stressing a need of the western business and education. Dajeong-dahan proposes a civilization of a spiritual aspect through being concerned with spreading Christianity. Mongyu-rok is the work searching for a compromise. This novel regards the oriental spirit to a constant value, while it contains a intent to realize a wealthy, powerful nation by learning the western institution and a usage of the machinery. As a following task, I tried to systematically theorize the above argument. First, I arranged four measures, the East, the West, the spirit, and the material, which owe to the debate of politicians in the period of civilization. And I drew out four types from those measures, Dongdo-seogi(the east spirit & the west material), Dongdo-donggi(the east spirit & the east material), Seodo-seogi(the west spirit & the west material), Seodo-doaggi(the west spirit & the east material). In my opinion, these types are just effective frames for analysing the sino-korean novels written in that period in relation to an authorial consciousness or the thematic consciousness. Then I linked these types to the above works. As a result, the works of a reactionary style corresponded to the type of Dongcio-donggi, the works of intending civilization to the type of Seodo-seogi, and the works of searching for a compromise to the type of Dongdo-seogi. However the novels under the type of Seodo-donggi were not found because maybe it is difficult to actually exist the works of that type. If I refine the theory of the above four types, I can systematically classify the authorial consciousness or the thematic consciousness of the general sino-korean novel in the period of civilization. I think, these boundaries and the way of division will be an effective method for understanding those novels in a multiple spectrum. Of course, for verifying a propriety of the faith, I must exemplify all of the sino-korean novels written in that times. The logic of this study will be firm by a close investigation of the rest novels. But I will leave the study to the next chance as a task for a long time.
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