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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

한국문학이론과 비평검색

Korean literary theory and criticism (KLTC)


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 국문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1598-3501
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 23권 0호 (2004)

편집인의 말

김종구
1,000
키워드보기
초록보기

김기림의 모더니즘의 시, 「시론(詩論)」연구

김종구 ( Kim Jong-gu )
6,400
초록보기
Kim Girim was a celebrated Korean poet, literary critic, literary teacher, and a leader of the modernist movement in Korean poetry. He was born in Haksung near Sungjin city, Hamkung province in 1980. When he became age forteen, he moved to seoul and entered Bosung junior high school. Four years later, he sailed for Japan. In 1929, Kim Girim graduated Ilpon University. After that, he came back to Korea and took newspaper writer in「Chosun Newspaper Office(朝鮮日報社)」. Between 1930 and 1935 he expressed many poems, most of it dominated by a passion for modernity. Same period, he also announced many critical articles, most of it dominated by wordy attack to sentimental poetics. This paper makes a special study of Kim Girim’s poetry, “Si-ron(詩論)”. During this time “Si-ron” was not known by Korean normal readers. But I evaluate this poem very important to understand Kim Girim correctly. Kim Girim’s poetry “si-ron” ban two faces. One face in aesthetics, and the other face on criticical(political) discourse. Clearly, Korean modernist poet, Kim Girim was influenced by British and American modernist poet, Ezra Pound and T. S. Eliot. Particulary the notion of the 'dissociation of Sensibility' affected to Kim Girim’s early poetry, “si-ron”.

김기림 시론에 나타나는 인식의 전환과 형태 모색

문혜원 ( Mun Hye Won )
5,800
초록보기
Kim ki-rim's poetic theory does to the goal to create new modern poetry. For this, It is necessary to have the viewpoint about the object which is the objectivism. The poet must maintain the distance of the object. He can reconfigure the thing newly through this course. The poetry as a result becomes new existence which is become independent. He tries to watch the work in the criticism objectively. He thinks that the criticism interprets the work and must estimate it. The science is similar with the method or behavior of the criticism which is objective in this. It is changed to the try to explain the experience of the reader to clear. The science was namely the behavior which analyzes the work objectively to be the criticism. It is changed afterwards to the psychology to explain the experience of the reader. The image is the method to make the poetry. It does to get distance between poem and the poet. The image was the visual image, but it is gradually specific and free. The image is enlarged to the concept 'illusion'. This is to get the influence from the technic of cinema. The concern about the image is thinking about What a poetic language is. Kim ki-rim thought that modernity appeared in the form and the content. Modernity which appears in the form is to have the self-consciousness about the language. We use common language and express the diction with modern rhythm also. Kim ki-rim's poetic theory afford a basis for the objective recognition about the object. It is changed to research about the form of the language.

김기림 시와 시론의 근대성 연구

엄성원 ( Um Sung-won )
6,700
초록보기
This essay intends to examine the modern characteristics in the poems of Kim Ki-rim. Through this study, I will illustrate how the poetic subjects of his poems are reacting against the modernity and the contradiction of modernity and its crisis in a diachronic perspective. The modernity as a main topic in this study is the key concept to understand the poetry of modernism which were presented in various styles. This study tries to examine the poetry of modernism, being based on the concept of ‘double-sided modernity’ which contains two different aspects of ‘desire for the modern’ and ‘disillusion of the modern.’ Kim Ki-rim tried to take ‘metaphor of similarity.’ Excluding the vocabularies selected from the traditional paradigm, he began to use tropological expressions from the new paradigm of the vocabularies of urban civilization. He tried to transfer the pre-modern tenor into the modern vehicle through the homogeous effect. The optimistic intention for the modern is presented through the logic of metaphor which assimilates everything. However, the vehicles in his poems look novel but crude and abstract. The poetic subject in Kim Ki-rim's poems looks like an integrated and stable subject. The subject who is not self-reflective but active frequently emerges in his poems, dreaming of the utopia as western civilization and the unceasing quest for the outer world, not the inner world. The texts composed by this subject mostly seek for the poetics of reconciliation. The poetic subject tries to identify himself with the western modernity and for this, he integrates the objects through the metaphorical indentification. The subject does not show a thinking of self-negation. The texts produced by this subject have an unitary voice or split voices which are finally converged into one voice, performing a declarative and instructive discourse.
6,000
초록보기
Kim Girim is generally acknowledged to be modernist. We can say, nevertheless, that sentimentality appeared on his early poem can be a indeterminate point. In this study, we have approached such a question through his historicity. Especially, in the social, contemporary historicity, Kim Girim has shown both sides of a modality. First, in the view of Text, poems ‘The Sun’s Custom' and ‘The weather Chart' have the differences with the identity, the former for buried text, the latter for selected text by planning. In this relationship, he has find out sentimentality can be an important medium. Second, in the point of personal biography of Kim Girim, we have brought it to light to be showed both-sided, nature. In the relation to Kim Girim and his elder sister, the former for planned text, the latter for buried text. Such like these, Kim Girim’s personal biography and textual duplicity comprehend parallelism. In the case of ‘The weather Chart’, it is a planned long-poem and can be said as a social phantasy of modern customs. Ideology of modernism is based on the sense of loss. Under his loss of a human essence, of a significant historical narrative, of communal relation, of social purpose, of private fulfilment through 'being in love', that's it the loss of private fulfilment. We have identified in poems ‘The weather Chart’ that this is head for the fantasy structure working on the poem. The traditional things denied by signifier like this have partly reintroduced by signified of the poem ‘The Sun's Custom’. These contradictor disjunction make Text of Kim Girim indicated the things of Modernism and that of Tradition. ‘The Sun’s Custom’ has kept a version of social phantasy based on modern ideology by connecting with 'The weather Chart', while there has existed another signified toward traditional sentimentality. Conclusively, we can come to a conclusion ‘The weather Chart’ is the social fantasy composed of modern human-being narcissism, and ‘The Sun's Custom’ is the production of romantic ideology which ex-traditional custom has been permeated.

도시공간과 빈민의 시 -김기림의 시

조해옥 ( Cho Hae-ok )
6,100
초록보기
The assessment on Kim Gi-Rim’s poetry has given too much importance to his few works. This preponderance seems to have interrupted an appropriate assessment on his poetry. The tendency of established studies on Kim Gi-Rim’s poetry has attached too much importance to 『Gisangdo』 and 『Customs of Sun』, and limited to the point of comparative literature examining interrelations with foreign literature and to considering interrelations with his poetics. It seems to me that is needed on the established studies assessing Kim Gi-Rim’s poetry as duplicated views on modernity, fragmentation, confusion, etc. Through detailed consideration on poems criticizing urban civilization, this essay will reconsider Kim Gi-Rim's poetry. In his poetry, his poetic consciousness molded on the basis of Gyong-Song, modern city are expressed. But there has bee very few studies on poems reflecting lives of the poor in urban area. The discontinuity of the urban area is expressed very well in the duplicated appearance of Gyong-Song in 1930s where aspects of developing metropolis and shabby back streets coexisted. There was a discontinuity between urban area and outer area, and this kind of rupture appeared within same area. Fragmented and ruptured are gave rise to psychological severance and estrangement. This incongruity of heterogeneous areas and psychological discontinuity of people living in the area made him experience the discontinuity in urban area. The poor familiar with the dark side rather than the bright side of urban area precisely reveal the discontinuity and severance of the urban area. The man who sprinkles water on the heated road is described in contrast to the doctor riding a car. Kim Gi-Rim reveals his critical view on urban area with the roof garden of the department store as the background. Human beings are in discord with nature. So they seek consolation in artificial nature decorated on modern buildings. In present life, human beings have come to search for their lost areas on the roof garden and dream in imagination.

부정의 정치성: 아도르노와 장자

권택영 ( Kwon Teckyoung )
5,400
초록보기
Though the subject matter of "Negativity" hasbeen discussed for a long time as we see in Hegel, Nietzsche, Freud, and even in Kant, it is still a theme of much interest as recently shown in the great concern about Adorno's "Negative Dialectics." Why does the subject come up again and again and how does Adorno's concept differ from those of the others? Does it have anything to do with the Tao which is the oldest and most enduring “negativity” of Oriental society? This paper explores these questions in an effort to find some reasons why Western negativity has been transformed while the Eastern one has not. We will examine the difference in the politics of the two. To this end, the paper traces the history of negativity through Freud, Lacan, Adorno, and Chuang-Tzu. Chuang-Tzu represents the spirit of Taoism. After Adorno experienced the violence of Nazism, he became deeply concerned with the human psyche, particularly the Death Drive as formulated by Freud. However, Adorno, as a socialist, wanted to go beyond Freud who presumably limited his analysis to the human psyche only. Adorno develops the other side of Eros, the death drive, into "nonidentity" without which a society cannot move in any certain direction. His "nonidentity"is almost similar to the concept of the Real, or the other, in Lacanian psychoanalysis. Moreover, as is widely known, Lacan came up with the Real, borrowing the idea of "Wu-wei". which is a core of Taoism. From these connections it is not so hard to relate the negativity of Adorno to that of Chuang-Tzu.

백대진 단편소설 연구

문혜윤 ( Moon Hye-yoon )
6,200
초록보기
Baek Dae-jin plays a significant role in the history of short stories in the 1910's, but the discussion on his works has not been activated. This paper intends to analyze his short stories, considering literary and social conditions of the 1910's. The modern concept of a genre did not appear in the 1910's. Writers occasionally employed the form of a novel as a medium to describe their world view or sense of the times. Similarly, Baek Dae-jin's short stories show us his literary theory of naturalism and theory of social evolution. Baek Dae-jin insists that Korean writers have to produce works to actually describe a dark side of realities in his literary theory of naturalism. From this point of view, his works show us characters that were victimized by capitalistic contradiction or realized it in the modernization process. Baek Dae-jin faithfully played the role as a narrator in this case, and showed the potential of the modern short story without excessive intervention. In contrast with it, he couldn't not recognize realities structurally while his theory of social evolution intervenes in the short stories. The writer's comment is excessive and works lose inner connections with composition elements in this case. These two cases seem to affect the success or failure of Baek Dae-jin's short stories.
6,200
초록보기
The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the nature of women's desire in Last dance with Me by Eeun Hee-Kyung. The female protagonists of the work resist the rules of the male-oriented society and challenge the male-chauvinism and authority. The heroines’ violation social morals and deviation of daily routine can be recognised as a way to overcome their wrath and frustration. Among others Kang Jin-Hee in particular is the woman who violently resists the social code and moral laws the mast. She devide herself into “real herself’ and “disguised herself” to protect her identity and struggle against being put down or pushed around by other people. Jin-Hee, bereaved of her mother in the early years and experiencing Lacanian “lack” of her father, derides social mores and has indiscretely sexual relationships with many men. She sees her life as something that can not be fulfilled or satisfied in any ways. As Jin-Hee, life itself is a kind of continuity or repetition of her early “absence” (of her father) and “lack” (of her mother) experiences. Jin-Hee, therefore, tries to supplement the “vacancy" by having sexual relationships without distinction of age or class. I insist that her violation of social mores and deviation of normal sexual relationship should not be her real self-accomplishment, however. Her free-will attitudes of life and acts without any cautious thoughts are eventually baffled and failed in male-oriented society. As a result, “Dance” of Last Dance with Me is the symbol of meaningless gesture Jin-Hee makes in a frustrated state.
6,600
초록보기
The modern times or modernity revealed in his literature, particularly Lee Sangs novels, is the substance expressed by or embodied by the body. Experiencing modern times and modernity through the body means that his novels reveal the essence of modern times and modernity. Its because the body shows all the phenomenon and essence, the cognition and practice, the consciousness and unconsciousness, the process and reality of modern times. For this reason, this study explores the modern times and modernity that his novels reveal by paying special attention to the experience in the body. The frustration of desire for extending modern times and modernity by the movement of a place meets new variations. It is the body with the fate of going forward death that proves an incentive to it. The death of the body means the failure m the modern project promoted by Lee Sang. Due to this fear of failure, the writer carries out so-called self-death that separates the body from his body. This self-death maximizes the dual existence of the world which is at once existent and absent or at once absent and existent, and even disjoints the existing imperfect modern limes and modernity. The ultimate object of disjointing imperfect modern times and modernity that the writer desired to reach is the modernity found in the recovery and harmony or integration of the body. A series of these facts that Lee Sang shows through his novels can be viewed, as both a drama of the body and that of modernity in itself. He explored the universal aspects of modern generals as well as the special aspects of our modern times or modernity, through a way of speaking and thinking with the body. We cannot say too much that his exploration on modern times and modernity was based on the body. If it may be said to be true modernity to re-create the self or the subject that was regnant as a source of self-evidence in the thought of the body and re-form the understanding of our existence, he is a modernist in its real meaning. It would not be a sound appreciation of Lee Sangs novels and literature that some treat him as if he were a schizophreniac by emphasizing an aspect of the dissociation of consciousness, or others regard him as a tragic hero who wandered about the surface of a pale mind and finally passed away without getting out of languor and doubt or as a prosaic stylist who tried to escape to the abstract and geometric world. Many of critics make comment that Lee Sangs literature lacks the social consciousness, they dont doubt its authenticity. Its because he embodies speaking with the body. It can be said that the true modernist or modernity is none other than Lee Sang himself and his novels. Our society is in modern ages, and though it switches over to postmodern ages the problems of the body and modernity Lee Sang showed us would exist as an important basis for understanding the world. In this sense, the problems of the body and modernity revealed by his novels will be a certain standard in discussing modem ages and modernity, and further, postmodern ages and postmodernity that our literature as well as his poetry and essays reveals.
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