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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

한국문학이론과 비평검색

Korean literary theory and criticism (KLTC)

  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 국문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1598-3501
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
수록 범위 : 29권 0호 (2005)

편집인의 말


『종생기』: 증상으로 읽는 이상 문학

권택영 ( Kwon, Teckyoung )
This paper presents Sang Lee’s work from a perspective of symptoms. This is arrived at by means of a detailed reading of “JongSaeng-Gi,” one of his stories known to be extremely elusive. As used by Freud, ‘symptoms’ do not simply indicate features of hysteria, but rather they are integrated features of human living. Symptom, a filling of the Void, can take on positive as well as negative aspects. Positive symptoms are sublimated objects, objet a as promoted by Lacan, while negative ones are perversions or psychoses. In Lee’s works, symptoms can be explained with a pun, “동해.” One meaning of "동해" is "infant" and the other is "skull." “Jong Saeng-Gi” is a love story of a pair who are in an effort to disguise and hide their minds before one another because of overflowing self-consciousness. In the story, the narrator, a lover, overcomes a girl who deceived him, through his writing after being his own death. It is a story written by a skull, a Lacanian subject whose other side is the Void, nothing. Thus, Lee’s writing presents a symptom, a filling of the Void, to be repeatedly read in different contexts. My ultimate assumption is that Lee’s writing style can be classified into two categories. That is, the style which keeps a normal space between words, represents properly controlled self-consciousness while the style which does not allow any spaces at all, represents the overflowing of self-consciousness.
This thesis analyses Park Sook-Hee's novel "Finding a Kiss" (2001) by using Jacques Lacan’s theory of desire. The plot of this novel can be explained to be a road taken by the heroine ‘Han Ji-Oh’ who seeks for the lost kiss. The heroine looks back on the relationship with her husband, realizing the lack of kiss in the sexuality with him, and remembers her ex-boyfriends. Then she meets 'Seok-Jin', who is her first partner of a kiss, and tries to realize her desire for a kiss. However, the kiss (sexuality) with Seok-Jin led her not to a feeling of satisfaction but solely a sense of loss. Although she believed that an object Seok-Jin would satisfy her desire, and approached (metaphor) him, her dissatisfaction would remain after having kissed. That is, the desire which continues to have been no satisfaction replaces by next object (metonymy). A kiss is, for the heroine Han Ji-Oh, a signifier concretely representing a signified, perfect love of absolute innocence. Consequently, desire for a kiss is merely a fantasy caused by an idea that she feels lacking of kissing. Since it exists in a crack between physical need and sentimental demand, the desire of kissing could not be satisfied, so she concludes what follows. A structure of desire is believed to be reality and approached (the Imaginary), hut it is fiction (the Symbolic). As the desire still exists, she starts to seek for (the Real) next stage. The heroine returns home by recognizing fictitiousness of desire alter deviating once. In other words, she awakes from a fantasy of narcissism that means a perfect love of absolute innocence in the Imaginary, and accepts routine of her marriage, that is the world of the Imaginary order. Therefore, this story is a return road roman in which the heroine arrives at the same spot on the road where she has first departed. In this story, the heroine who wandered to seek her desire, a kiss, is reformed to as a conformable (dissociate) subject who agrees to sociocultural systems of a marriage.

김경욱의 「고양이의 사생활」 해체적으로 읽기

민혜숙 ( Min Hyesook )
The most common complaints about structuralism seem to be that it was concepts from other disciplines - linguistics, philosophy, anthropology, psych-analysis, Marxism - to dominate literature. It threatens the reason for being of literary studies by forgoing the attempt to discover the true meaning of a work and by deeming all interpretations equally valid. Because of these complaints, we need to make up for this reading strategy. While structuralist are convinced that systematic knowledge is possible, post-structuralist claim to know only impossibility of this knowledge. Deconstruction denies a dualism and a definite theme. There is no theme, no true meaning. Derrida introduces the ideas like diff rance, supplement, and diss mination etc. Lacan gives superiority Signifiant over Signified. On the base of de-construction, the meaning of The cat's privacy is delayed. The man wants to meet the girl who has a Cat as a chatting ID. He desires to find her and to enter the Cat's room. But he can't find the way on cat's house, he wonder here and there. After all, he succeed to find the tree where she should promise to wait for him, Then his wife enter the room, he can't help finishing the game whose name is The cat's privacy. Nevertheless de-construction insists no determined meaning, we can find a disguised wish for sweet home and wife's love for him alone. Because modern, cultured man don't speak it honestly.

이윤택 희곡의 해체 양상 연구 -「청바지를 입은 파우스트」를 중심으로 -

김남석 ( Kim, Nam-seok )
This dissertation has been written with a purpose to examine and to understand the meaning of the deconstruction in Korean contemporary drama. Lee Youn-taek is an author who gives us a valued insight. Faust on the Blue Jeans is a sample to analyze Lee Youn-taek's concept on the deconstruction in his plays. The study on the deconstruction aspects, should be gathered in obtaining critical vision including urgent problems of contemporary society and in wise critical intervention giving rise to writing a work.
Messages for communication are of course recognized as texts as the communication can be made without regard to the type of element: visual, auditory, or even a sense of taste, tough, or smell. However, the text analysis has been unfortunately limited to individual texts. It has been insufficient to examine the correlation between texts having different media, i.e. intertextuality. The intertextuality is a correlation between texts. What is important is that the correlation should not be just at the level of quotation, but the focus should be given how the latter text interpret the former text and create new meanings and forms. This study explored why the Marc Chagall pictures are loved in literature and how his pictures were interpreted in poems and novels to create new meanings and forms, in terms of intertextuality. In addition, an effort was made to identify the characteristics of pictures and languages and the difference and similarity between poems and novels. Texts were analyzed from a viewpoint of intertextuality to expand the scope of literature study into the level of culture. If the study of literature in the future is not to be limited to literary texts, but to include many different texts affecting it, the texts should be communicated socioculturally, and consideration should be given the communication mechanism at the level of culture by which the texts are produced, transmitted, and recognized. Under these circumstances, it may be expected to aesthetically identify even the mental base which forms each of the text.

신소설에 나타난 신생 개념으로서의 ‘사회’와 가족주의적 견고성

최현주 ( Choi, Hyun-ju )
Sinsoseol is one of the modern literary forms produced in the era of social transformation, which is mixed or tangled the new with the old. According to this sociocultural aspect, sinsoseol must have had the literary properties of a time of transition. In this essay, I focused on the birth and reception of the term, ‘society’ that was appeared in sinsoseol as an index of the new. Although the reference to the new born concepts and terms is very superficial, the appearance of them must be seriously considered because they are the indication showing the transformational characteristics of sinsoseol texts. The new sign, which never existed in former ages, is due to bring about the recognition of concept itself and the need for actual situation. It was just the rise of new category ‘society’ that let characters in sinsoseol occupy the public field not included in nation(dynasty) but also in family. However, as it newly arouse, ‘society’ had to keep the certain features like abstraction, vagueness and barrenness. That was not firmly established as a foundation of narrative on which characters in sinsoseol texts live and act. Consequently, having been solidly maintained since the former ages, the framework of 'family' and ‘domesticity’ was reconfirmed its stability as a social basis. For reasons of this situation, that functioned as the substantial foundation which characters conflicted on and events took place in. From this standpoint, I tried to corroboratively investigated that the above aspect of narrative discourse is not just discovered in sinsoseol texts but in all of the discourses produced in modern period, specially even in leading articles in newspapers that emphasized an enlightenment and an education. Even though sinsoseol has not accomplished the reformation in the way of that independently categorized the sphere of ‘individual’, it holds the modern significance as it tries to represent ‘society’. It means that sinsoseol provides to Korean modern literature the clue which makes the reformation be possible. The affluent internal or ‘individual’, expressed in modern novel, is intimately associated with the narrative embodiment of 'society'. So I think, the degree of verisimilarly describing 'society' can be considered as the essential and significant barometer by that we judge the level of modernity in sinsoseol.
I studied aspects of duplicate valuation, held in Yi Yong Ak's poetry of the latter period concerning valuable functions of adjectives and adverbs. The planning of subject makes different functions of adjectives and adverbs, except for their decorative rhetorical function, internal in Yi Yong Ak’s poetry. Words, which can alter the narrator's attitude, deposit different meaning into the superficiality of the poem. Bused upon this result, adjectives and adverbs that are in charge of valuation, closely influence the unique structure of Yi Yong Ak's poetry, therefore, confirming the process of < ORANGKAEGGOT >’s analysis. Moreover, adjectives and adverbs, which are in charge of valuation, allows one with the opportunity to read Yi Yong Ak's pro-Japanese poetry in a different light. In this paper, we can also determine that his poetry are considered to be pro-Japanese through social and historical connections, and to be duplicate structures containing a self-reflection, as well as a pro-Japanese attitude. In spite of Yi Yong Ak’s poetry being pro-Japanese, this distinction reveals that his poetry was also widely used as a high level of poetic degree and symbol when comparing it to other forms of poetry. There is an agreeable inference that his poetry let readers consciously think, believe, and accept the idea of pro-Japanese. But it is difficult to clearly determine whether the pro-Japanese in his poetry is derived from social and historical connections. This unique aspect that was verified to be duplicate valuation in his poetry of the latter period can he depicted when reviewing his pro-japanese poetry. It was unintentional to evaluate his prominent work as pro-Japanese poetry, but also inevitable to exclude such suspicion from his writing. The self-reflection and self-criticism were immanent on the other side of Yi Yong Ak’s pro-Japanese poetry. This claim can be proven through the use of duplicate valuation found near the latter period of Yi Yong Ak's poetry.

「가면고」의 서사 구조 연구

황정현 ( Hwang, Jung-hyun )
This paper has an intention to explain the meaning of Gamyeongo through the examination of the narrative structure of this novel. This novel has a dual structure composed of an extradiegetic and intradiegetics. The different bodies of narration in the two different narrative levels are closely related with each other through the same structure of the pain and the salvation searching the identity of characters. The symmetrical arrangement of a dance drama and the previous existence of Min show the perspective about the world after Korean War. The endeavor to find the identity of Min is frustrated by the experience of the war, the extreme violence. It means it's possible to find the true identity only in the world of spirit, not in the real world.
Until recently, the Korean modern · contemporary bestsellers literature has been regarded as the vulgarly commercial popular literature and alienated from the category of the literature history. The risk of shifting the popularity of the literature to the vulgarity and the possibility of combining the commercialism with the vulgarity are always open. But it should not be overlooked that the bestsellers literature has been indeed read by a great many of readers and stepping further, it should he noted that it has formed the wide variety of the reader’s base and has a powerful impact. Consequently, centered on the genre of the poem especially in the 1980s~1990s out of the Korean modern · comtemporary bestsellers literature, this research is intended to explore the reading psychology of the then-readers reflected on the bestsellers poems and the social needs. In the literature circle, as at the beginning of the 1980s, the literature played a role of spreading the logic of the social reform, the issue of the social ideology surfaced. The key word which dominated the literary world of the 1980s was the gigantic dicourse of the correlation between the literature and the society. In the course, in 1985 many collections of poems became the bestsellers and as a result, that year was called the age of a collection of poems. Since the publication of Sister Lee Hue-in’s collection of poems, 『Although I Come Up As a Half Moon』, the same poet’s collections, 『The Dandelion's Territory』, 『Setting Fire to My Soul』, and 『That We love Is』 had all enjoyed popularity and the strong yearn for them continued to the following year 1986. Also, in 1987, the love-themed poems prevailed and Seo Jeong-yoon's collection of poems, 『Standing Up On My Own』, Do Jong-hwan's collection of poems, 『You, Hollyhock』 and Kim Cho-hye’s collection of poems, 『Love Exorcism』 earned huge reputation for the consecutive two years until 1988. To the extent which it was called the palmy days of the poem genre, lots of bestsellers were come up. By the way, all of these poems have something in common mat they were oriented toward the individual’s secret emotional world, above all, the emotion of the ‘pure-hearted love’, instead of the objective social reality. That is, as a product of the inevitable combination of the pure literature and the commercial literature, such bestsellers collections of poems at those times could be seen as having a sharing element of an escape or departure from of the then-Korean ideology-oriented political · social environment. The literature phenomenon in the 1990s started to change into the aspects of the capitalistic commodity sales. In particular, what stood out was that the collections of poems formed the brisk distribution structure enough to exceed the one million copies-mark as a commodity and enjoyed the best days of the bestsellers collections of poems. In 1992 and 1993, Won Tae-yeon's collection of poems, 『While You Sometimes Think Of Me, I Sometimes Think About Something else』tremendously sold out and in 1994, Choi Young-mi's 『30-Years-Old, The Festivity Was Over』 hit the mega bestsellers. In 1995 and 1996. Lee Jeong-ha’s『Although You are a Radiant Beauty, I am Moving to Tears』 earned the people's love. And in 1997, Ryu Shi-hwa's 『One-eyed Fish’s Love』was recorded in the bestsellers list and the following year the same poet's 『Even Though You are Beside Me, I Miss You』 was popular. In addition to them, a variety of poets’ similar works continued to pour out and posted the hugh sales records. However, those poems were all same in that they were aiming at the ultimately ‘designed love’ which was ubiquitous around us. That is to say, in the mid-or late- 1980, while as the progressive literature was going backward, the sharply-emerged-governing ideology's false consciousness combined with the commercialism through the medium of the 'pure-hearted love’ and as a result, the popularization of the literature was brought in, in the 1990, it began to show the tendency of rapidly getting popularized by intertwining with the post-capitalistic economy system. When describing the Korean modern · contemporary literature history, it is difficult to discuss the value of the work if we are to evaluate it from the reader's perspective and on the other hand, if we are to do it from the writer’s perspective, it is difficult to discuss its essence. As a consequence, in order to entirely evaluate the standing of the work and describe the objective literature history, we need to pay attention to the flow of the those days’ bestsellers literature. The more continuos attention on the detailed study on from the work, publication planning, limes situations and print industry structure factors of the bestsellers literature to the systematic study on the relationship of each factor is required.
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