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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

한국문학이론과 비평검색

Korean literary theory and criticism (KLTC)


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 국문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1598-3501
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 38권 0호 (2008)

편집인의 말

송명희
1,000
키워드보기
초록보기

강경애 문학의 간도와 디아스포라

송명희 ( Song Myung-hee )
6,700
초록보기
This paper was written on the purpose to clarify the matter of Gando and Diaspora in Kang, Kyung-Ae's literature. In Kang, Kyung-Ae's essays and novels which were written in 1930s, when she was concentrating on her works as writer, Gando was described as the place that included the tragic national history which was connected with the Koreans' Diaspora under Japanese imperialism. Kang, Kyung-Ae's essay vividly conveyed the unrestful situation of Gando from the Manchurian Incident to the Sino-Japanese War, and showed the fact that Gando was not the land of opportunities. The climate of Gando was too cold, and the economic conditions of Gando was so bad that the people suffered from the highness of prices and starvation. Gando was not a better land to live than Joseon. In addition, Gando became the land of fascism and war which got ready for killing and destruction after the 1937. Kang, Kyung-Ae described the political and social situation of Gando in the 1930s, and showed the self-criticism as intellectual and the feeling of helplessness, the doubt about her identity as writer. Kang, Kyung-Ae had Gando as background in more than half of her novels, which show how Gando, the only hope to the Korean immigrant, was contrary to their expectations with the sense of the real. In Gando, they suffer from starvation, the needy life, the crisis of the family disorganization. In addition, they are financially exploited by the Chinese employers, and the women of them are forced to prostitute themselves. They are placed in an unrestful situation like taking the pressure and threat from mounted bandits. Kang, Kyung-Ae described, especially, the hardship of the anti-Japanese activists and their families. In her works, the Korean immigrants suffer from the trobles with the Chinese employers and at the same time they suffer from the worse starvation and agony of survive because of the oppressive measure of Japan. She wrote the works which show the strict self-examination as intellectual. The Salt, Kang, Kyung-Ae's medium-length story with Gando for back-ground, shows the women who suffer from the multitudinous pressure like national pressure, sexual pressure or class pressure and exploitation; this novel was very poorly described about the Korean immigrants' hard lives. Kang, Kyung-Ae did not pass the limit as Marxism writer, because The Salt shows just the class consciousness and anger without the pressure of a patriarchal system and the nation in the end of the story. This problem looks like her general limit because it also appears on her masterpiece, The Human Matters.

강경애 소설과 ‘간도’의 공간적 시점

정미숙 ( Jeong Mi Sook )
6,200
초록보기
The purpose of this study is to analyze Kang Gyeong Ae's 'Gando' from a spatial viewpoint. In 'Gando' as the author's autobiographical novel, speakers are different from each other in viewpoint. In the novel, the ideal and the reality, and the idea and the substance confront with each other, resultantly leading to the overturn of space or the closure of place. By using two characters, 'I' and 'she', Kang Gyeong Ae represents and at the same time severely criticizes intellectual women's superficial reality experiences and cognitive limits. The author also focuses on the apparent and hidden facets of 'Gando' which is not only a space for daily lives, but also a stronghold of the anti-Japanese movement. She takes her own strategy of illustrating both the non-existence of a space and another imaginative space, effectively suggesting a 'realistic community'. In the novel, 'Gando' is newly recorded by the bodies of women who are collectively the lower subject. Women's bodies, or 'abject' represent not only the space of barrenness and isolation, that is, Gando, but also 'contre-espace', that is, the stronghold of life and production that is opponent or resistant to the logic of Gando. This suggests that those women independently deciare their feminity by means of their bodies and that they recreate themselves into "existences of Gando" who take positive steps towards Gando. Based on her own attitudes of reflection and meditation, Kang Gyeong Ae looks into Gando and pays more attention to the unrevealed aspects of Gando. Her sympathy with the aspects is extended by way of her own imaginative, rhetoric politics. In the novel, the bodies of women who are collectively the lower subject is 'contre-espace', This clearly suggests Kang Gyeong Ae's unique feminism.

균열과 통합의 여성서사-강경애의 「소금」론

정현숙 ( Jung Hyun-sook )
6,100
초록보기
The purpose of this writing is to examine Woman's awareness which is represented in Kang Kyong-ae's 「The Salt」. In this novel, the lower class women get suffered from complex issues such as sex, class and national discrimination. And they realize the class consciousness and feminine identity. However, the important thing is that women's self awakening is not from their own initiative and their independency, but from rapid and other-directed. 「The Salt」 represents Kang Kyong-ae's novel's characteristic very well. In 「The Salt」, Bong Yoem's mother is living through painful life because of sex, class and national discrimination. She lost her son, daughter and husband. Also, she got raped from Chinese landowner, and got kicked out while being pregnant. She bears her child in a bam, but gets arrested by smuggling of salt. Even though she gets exploited by sexually and financially, she cannot recognize feminine identity clearly. Instead, when she gets caught from smuggling, she realizes that her real enemy is a bourgeois, the capitalist. Even though her feminine identity shows contradiction and a broken phase, her mother's affection is consistent and unified. She goes through the pain and suffering because of her strong mother's affection. Her class consciousness is not ideal, but strongly relates with her longing towards her son.

강경애 「지하촌」의 표현 양식과 의미 생성

김원희 ( Kim Won Hee ) , 송명희 ( Song Myung Hee )
6,400
초록보기
The purpose of this article is to grasp the poetic point of Kyung-ae Kang's short story, Jihachon(Slum), by analysing expression patterns such as opposing space, crossing angle of view, and varying symbol, and meaning generation in response of the audience. Distinctive poetic features of Jihachon worked out from this analysis can be summarized as follows; First, instinctive vitality is generated from the posting of opposing space. The contrast between opposing space, for instance, reality vs. fantasy and human vs. nature derived from the meaning of the underground and the ground, well represent writer's orientation for strong vitality. Second, the posting of crossing angle of view generates awakening vitality. The crossing angle of view between subjective experiencing and objective witnessing successfully restores the life of awakening of minority of those days to the "now-here" response of the audience. Third and last, dynamic vitality is generated from the posting of varying symbols. A metamorphosis of symbol, such as a maggot, which shows positive will of life as a strange thing, strengthens its meaning. In conclusion, the creativity of expression patterns revealed in Jihachon is evaluated as the main force of providing substantial poetic foundation and opening the new horizon in the Korean novel.

강경애 소설의 남성상 연구 - 『인간문제』를 중심으로

김남석 ( Kim Nam-seok )
6,500
초록보기
This paper aims at re-illuminating the male character of Kang kyeong-ae's novel, The problem on Human. Recordings and data about this novel had been said that reliable documents by the many scholars between North-Korea and South-Korea. But recordings and data about the a special character of the male characters of this novel can said that reliable documents do not exist. This problem led to the distortion of study and analysis on Kang kyeong-ae's novel, The problem on Human. This study will also serve as supplementing some part of the study and analysis on Kang kyeong-ae's novel, which is the weak point in the Korean literature history.
6,400
초록보기
This study examined the intertextuality of the 『the Human Matters』written by Kang, Kyeong-ae, a female author who worked in Gando in the period of Japanese colonial rule and 「Companions」written by Kim, Byeong-hun in the period of the Chollima movement when North Korea aggressively established its socialist system. The study investigated how one author's efforts to introduce the theory of women's emancipation of socialism was modified and passed down in North Korea. Kang, Kyeong-ae's critical realism developed into social realism in Kim, Byeong-hun's works. After all, the author's individual sporadic efforts were aggregated under the government's direction. That is, 「Companions」accurately reflect the reality of North Korea in the 1960s where ideology on women was included in the government's systematic education on ideologies given to the public. Kang, Kyeong-ae's non-mainstream recognition and literary activities perfectly satisfied the North Korean government's intention to inherit resistance against the Japanese rule carried out by Kim, Il-seong's Joseon Gwangbokhoe in the 1930s which is represented by the spirit of Cheongsalli. However, the leadership's intention to shift intellectuals' consciousness of socialism into the public's consciousness after the resistance was also involved.

재일 한인 시문학 연구 -재일 1세대 작품을 중심으로

김정훈 ( Kim Jeong-hun ) , 정덕준 ( Chung Duk-joon )
7,300
초록보기
This dissertation worked 1 generation of Japanese-Korean that divided colony with after-colony. Under the Japanese Colonial Period is the first time that formed them in Japan through labor emigration. Although is not much numbers, their poems show the experience or observation about pain and sorrow of realistic life of Chosun that emigrated in Japan. This works most contained Choson's backward-gazing anger and appeal which is robbed and gets driven by colonial rule. That is, these works encapsulate the wanderer's sorrow which there is no rancherie, and dis-placed persons's life that do not dream stable life. Several works as An Yongman's showed tenacious will and vitality that makes have new life to strange land. After restoration of independence, Poetry of Korean Residents of more combative voice is spread by these who remain in Japan without going home. Japanese-Korean Poems as 1 generation of this time contains spiritual scar that do not to the native place, and makes identity by protest and anger about vague situation which own confront. In addition to, 1 generation of Japanese-Korean shows the work world of will to overcome situation of cutting in halves as doing to emboss motherland as discord and confrontation spot. Because it is that concentration of ethnic capacity for branch motherland's unification is realized to shorter road that can escape from colonial injury justly.

김기림 시의 표상성

이근화 ( Lee Keun-hwa )
6,500
초록보기
Kim Ki-rim assimilates the Western civilization in his poetry and literature theory. He is a little more aggressive as a poet than any other writers. Modern sensibility and universal cosmopolitanism is the most important factor for him. He makes a question what is a citizen of the modem life in the realities of our life. The using of a word of foreign origin and introducing a new style arouse criticism. The strong criticism about artificial language is based on national consciousness and racial spirit, because that nationalism identity is made up of the principle of self-determination of peoples, showing favoritism toward born and bred language. But the language of national literature, absolutely doesn't put together heterogeneous language and any other cultural factor. A culture shock does not answer in the negative. Under the stress of extraneous things, a plentiful literature language was formed. Kim Ki-rim gives a shape to poetic diction in his poetry. He lays emphasis on objective point of view and a determined goal in his writing. Therefor his idealism paradoxical as it may seem, may be too realizable possibility. The presentationism of his poetry reveals symbolic words. A 'rose' and 'tulip' is an affirmative concept that he gives an positive answer about a civilization and enlightenment. The 'sun' and the 'ocean' stands for his experiments of movement for cultural regeneration. A light and shade of nature of the world answered the purpose of his efforts. This paper aims to pay attention to an aspect of representative language and the coming of a new world in the poetry of Kim Ki-rim. His literary merit is being the center of ideas and a enlargement of knowledge is meaningful for him. The symbolic words of Kim Ki-rim's poetry show a complications of between Joseon of the past and the colonial particularity. He creates a new poetic diction that was setting up scaffolding of literature language of the 1930's. The poetic diction reveals a trait of the point at issue, but he has come up to the new question, being con-fronted with a contradiction of the time.

김현승 시의 종말론적 사유와 상상

김옥성 ( Kim Ok-sung )
6,900
초록보기
This paper studies the consistent concern and transfiguration of the imagination of Kim's poetry, with the code of eschatology. Especially, we investigate the transfiguration from the viewpoint of both faith and anti-faith, in the oder of the time. In step with that, we illuminate the meaning of the solitude connected with eschatology. In the first period, poetic subject focuses on the historical eschatology. He sharply recognizes the real world as colony. He makes the eschatological vision of hope by drawing the mythical-eschatological imagination of the Bible into the cognition of the real world. In the second period, the eschatos(End) occurs in the inner space of the subject. The eschatology in this period, is the resurrection of the inner self. In the third period, the eschatos is the death without God. The body and the soul become nothing, by the death. In the last period, the poet is converted to the firm faith. In this period, the world is full of the blessing. Because the eschatos is realized not only in the inner space but also in outer world from the viewpoint of the subject.
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