In a sense, text is a huge metaphor. In Baek Seok's world of poetry, this metaphor earnestly desires both the restoration of forfeiture and the realization of recovery. Under this premise, this paper aims to verify how the metaphorical variation, which generalize the world of poetry, can be weaved and refracted.
The small metaphor toward larger metaphor, which is also referred to as 'the recovery of the lost' begins from the horizontal attempt which calls the circumference targets. To begin with, his works shows the poverty and alienation in the colonial period. Then the reality based inquistiveness densely suggests trivial cultural elements.
His attempt to specifically poeticize not only the necessities of life and old customs but also the characteristic Korean lifestyle, is the product of an intention to recognize the identification as a Korean rather than the simple preference of the culture.
The second metaphor in 'the recovery of the lost' is the verical seeking after truth tied up with historical imagination. This is a vertical intention to recover the prototype of the poetry breaking from the horizontal attachment to the cultural objects. As the place which the roots are in touch with, is the ground of one nation, these types of poetry intensively illuminate the grounds of ethnic life. Throughout this, the place of history and the meaning of space is symbolized as either a positive place feeling or an unaccustomed space feeling.
On the other hand, the desire to find the 'roots' shows the process of searching the meaning of the roots in combination with the essay-style which is more suitable in the solemn speculation. In this process, the speaker jumps into the past relying on the primitive memory of the sensorium. In other words, the chemical response coming from the encounter of the sense of the speaker and the material subjects becomes the devise which awakes the poetic memories in the unconciousness.
Although the journey of the root-finding gives the consolation, the conclusion was the recognition that more and more powers should get collected to recover the present which is full of the lost. This is the third small metaphor. Now the speaker represents the ardent interest to the neighbors who go through the hardships in the colonial period. The compassion and sympathy are expressed as a far-reaching affection transmitting himself to the poor people and the trivial nature.
The will of the poet Baek Seok, who looked squarely the things to be recovered in the difficult era, is still regarded as beautiful.