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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

한국문학이론과 비평검색

Korean literary theory and criticism (KLTC)

  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 국문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1598-3501
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
수록 범위 : 48권 0호 (2010)

편집인의 말


현상학적 몸: 김춘수의 「꽃」과 이청준의 귀향

권택영 ( Kwon Teck-young )
Human body had been regarded as the source of evil thereby repressed by the law in male dominated society. At the end of Modernity, however, body, along with other repressed strata such as writing, women, the colored people, and sexuality, began to be arising accompanied with the flowering intellectual movements of Deconstruction, and consecutively the Cultural Studies. Placing the human right of women, race and sexuality in equal position to the established groups, the body plays the crucial role to shift a paradigm. For instance, M. Foucault utilizes Nietzsche's concepts of not only genealogy but Dionysus, the Greek God of body (or pleasure) who is the counterpart of Apollon, a God of law. Foucault rewrites the history of sexuality of the family-oriented modern society in which homosexuality was strategically repressed as evil, while Judith Butler rereads this "materialized body" for the purpose of lesbian movement, so called "Queer." Now in the 21th century, we are revisiting the phenomenology of Heidegger and Maurice Merleau-Ponty who enlarged human body in terms of experience to the extend of things, environment, and Nature. This paper is about phenomenological body in the context of Korean poem and fictions. Chunsoo Kim depicts how body becomes a "Flower" with the name designated by a lover. Since we are born from the earth (or thing) into the world, and eventually return to the earth, we need a meaning and a purpose to live in this world. Hence, we give a name to a body and turn a thing to be the absolute Being, but the veil of language cannot hide the trace of body completely, because body is more powerful than language. There is always a surplus of name as Kim expresses it "Flower" which is still transient, yet eternal. On the other hand, the surplus of body becomes a cause of changing direction from home to the city, and vice versa in Chungjoon Lee's fictions. In his works, a narrator who proceeded to the society gets tired and sick but endures it with a fantasy of home-coming. The body or thing(bird or tree) makes the narrator turn the directions for the circulation of life by going and coming back between home and society just like the cycle of Nature.

근대소설의 몸표현 형식들

송기섭 ( Song Ki-seob )
Bodies are given meanings and recorded in Korean modern novels. What we need to focus on is not their meanings but the way of expressing them. Forms of body-expressing in modern novels have its own features. At this point, we need to focus on three major features. First, the body as reality. What was needed for Korean classic novels to develop into modern novels was reality. Realism novels describe the body as the most crucial subject. Second, the viewpoints creating the body. The discourse on the body is created by these viewpoints. The viewpoints can either overestimate or underestimate the body. Those viewpoints cross one another. This creates formal realism. Third, the individualization of the body. It creates internal forms of modern novels. This can be called as form of quest.

김훈 소설에 나타난 몸담론 -「화장」을 중심으로

송명희 ( Song Myung Hee )
This paper analyzes body discourse which is represented in Kim Hoon's short story, 「Hwajang」(「화장」). 「Hwajang」 is a work which requires readers to consider the four inevitable phases of life : birth, old age, sickness, and death. Man is born, gets old, gets sick and dies. A young woman, Choo Eunjoo(추은주), me (the narrator), suffering from prostatitis, and my wife (the narrator's wife), who passed away from a brain tumor; each character stands respectively for youth, old age, and death. All of us spend our youthful days like ‘Choo Eunjoo’(추은주), but as time goes by, get old like 'me', and in the end, die of incurable diseases like my 'wife'. Through lots of names of body parts and various expressions involving the body, 「Hwajang」 makes a panorama and foregrounds the problem with the four phases of life. The work deals with problems with the body from start to finish. This work covers a variety of topics like the inevitable phases of a life, a body's independence and a body being acted by others, ethical taboos, medicalization of death, capitalized bodies, commercialized genders, genders and points of view, etc. The short story, 「Hwajang」(「화장」) includes abstruse philosophical considerations on a human being's birth, old age, sickness, and death for a short discourse time, four days, by arranging binary oppositions closely such as body and mind, youth and being old, life and death, makeup and cremation, male and female, self and others, one's eyes and objects that are stared. I think Kim Hoon wants to tell through his work that body, youth, and life surpass mind, old age, and death in postmodern eras.
This dissertation is the study of the symbol and meaning on the body revealed in 『The postwar Korea issues poems』.『The postwar Korea issue poems』is the ensolroji poems created by 33 poets from 1945 to 1960. It is of great importance because the poems reflects the experience suffered through the body in the shortest period. I looked over how the body encapsulated in the text, what it means, and the contemporary poet's cognizance on the body. It revealed that the shaped pattern on the body points toward the existential humanity through the tragic experience rather than ideology in the relation between the body damaged by war and survival. This point appears particularly is maximized through the lame of body. It was founded that the dead body influences to the life of reality through the poet's imagination, and the effects in the side of contact and communication resolved itself into the course of everyday life. Also, It could be confirmed that the woman's body revealed on 『The postwar Korea issue poems』 worked as an important symbols on the biological representation of femininity or feminine beauty because it adheres traditional and patriarchal perspective. At this point, in the Korea literature it is possible to look over how the patriarchal gaze continued until modern times through the synchronic study. This study is significant in the point that it symbolized the body through the poets represents an era and the poetic characteristics of text, and considered the poet's cognizance on the body. Future this study will be more deeper if researched a bit more on the part, the shaping of individual poet's poem revealed on the body and interpretation in the features of symbolization and meaning on the body.

시학의 원리로서 알레고리의 가능성 - 오장환 시를 중심으로

전동진 ( Jeon Dong-jin )
The body has been recognized of totality. If one part of body is ill, the whole body is to sick. This study was started with to doubt this totality of a body. I got a idea to make a plan this study from a orange that has two aspects. One is orange peel as totality, another is inner several piece] of tangerine. Furthermore, a slice piece of orange is comprised of grains in countless numbers. Orange of poetic diction was used in representative poem is A song of moon fragrance ninth sky written by Oh, Jang-whan. In actualities, however, we cloud not deny that our body was placed in totality. I argued a body to be reveal in text as to see ideological body. The ideological body is shaking body between a actual body that is directing to physical body and a real body that is to be exposed a image(naked body). Image is a figure that was manifested through a principle of symbol. When a figure has become permanent, it is called "sign", whereas a image that has maintained a condition of energy will make progress to allegory through writing. By going through this process, an image turns to “beautiful imagination' or 'a veil ' that act as wrapping 'Pure langue' or 'Pure event'. I made a search for this case through Oh, Jang-whan's poems in body of this thesis. Instead of conclusion, I entered into brief abut body as language and culture. The body that omnipresent bodies want to go toward body is to be "body of writing". A principle of writing that fragments was regrouped again, that is allegory. This study has a tendency strong in a sketch that explores a possibility of allegory as principles of poetics.

이청준 소설에 나타난 징후적 ‘배앓이’와 타자의 시선 연구

김지혜 ( Kim Ji-hye )
The purpose of this paper is to focus on the motif of stomach troubles, often appearing in Cheongjun Lee's novels, and to uncover its symbolic implication and leitmotif. Cheongjun Lee frequently depicted the characters who show mental or physical symptoms in daily life; among others, the stomachache, which was portrayed in Discharge from the Hospital, The Tuner, and Practice of Returning Home, goes beyond a mere symptom of illness. It is a sign of revealing an ideal of the world and the self. In addition, the affected area does not just stand for conflicts with the world, but turns into a medium that helps to confirm one's existence and to understand the world and others. It is the relational eyes that enable this transformation. A male protagonist feels fear and anxiety by invisible oppressive eyes or others' eyes; on the other hand, he chases down the affected area via others' eyes. The focal narrator also turns his eyes to others, by which he broadens the width of his understanding of others and the world. Ultimately, the symptomatic affected part and the eyes gazing at it illustrate the world view of Lee's novels.

민족 영웅의 발명과 저항적 남성성의 전통 만들기

송명진 ( Song Myung Jin )
A new masculinity was born in the Enlightenment(Gaehwagi). The strong masculinity was needed for the propagation of the concept of nation and the clear crisis of nation. History-Biography Fictions tried to solve demand for this masculinity. This paper studied the masculinity in History-Biography Fictions from three points of view. The first, the formation process of the masculinity in History-Biography Fictions was examined. It was possible to form the heroes as the military by connecting he concept of nation with the modern cognition of a body. The second, the effect of the masculinity in History-Biography Fictions was examined. The strong masculinity became a tradition by historicizing the military heroes through History-Biography Fictions. This is the invention of tradition in the 1900's. The third, the limit of the masculinity in History-Biography Fictions was examined. An emphasis on the strong masculinity exposed the absence of the masculinity in reality. The strong masculinity in the 1900's was only fictional product. This mythology of the strong masculinity was demanded in social crisis sometimes. Therefore the study on the feature of masculinity in the 1900's will become the basis of the understanding masculinity in Korean contemporary literature.

다문화 소설과 여성의 몸 구현 양상

연남경 ( Yeon Nam Kyeong )
After independent from Japan in 1945, South Korea society has been changing into multicultural phase with many half-bloods born between Koreans and U.S.A. soldiers, immigrant laborers and international marriage persons. However, there still exist many discriminations against 'skin color' and by cultural superiorism, which are reflected in Korean literature in very sensitive ways. Very recently, novel Paprika written by Sung-ran, Soe and Ali's jump rope by Woon-young, Cheon were published and these two novels have a common key word, 'women's body'. So these will be subjects on this paper. Paprika by Sung-ran, Soe, the story of Vietnamese girl, Chu-yen, who married Korean, shows her alienated situation. Men's look on women's body with authoritarianism and others' look with discrimination against dark skin color cause double violence to her. Moreover, physical relationship without communication results in severance between her and her husband. Chu-yen's body that suffers from cold, hunger, suffocation and sprained ankle represents barren body and tragedy of multicultural family. Ali's jump rope by Woon-young, Cheon is the story about growth period of black Korean girl. Experiencing discrimination against half-blood person, Ali learned boxing and desired power. Also, in this process, she went through discrimination of man-dominated society which didn't give any opportunity to her. However, a half-blood, woman and also child, Ali made some bondage with her aunt - who is willing to accept multicultural socity - and could see the fact that Korean society is a furnace of many races so that she could become a Korean future member dreaming unified society through multi-ethnic and multi-culture. In this way, telling about persons who are discriminated by race and gender, those two novels are dreaming the multicultural society. For our achieving multicultural society, there should be much more novels on multiculture telling us about many other Alis and their pains.

이선희 소설에 나타난 젠더의식 연구

오태호 ( Oh Tae-ho )
This study managed to examine narrative specific in novels of Lee Sun-Hee who a representative woman writers in 1930's. She's gender can be analyzed into motifs are separated globally aware through go out, self-consciousness of victim and conflict of the eternal triangle. The heroine of a novel goes out makes free love from home means patriarch. But the heroine accepts a good housewife and mother and monogamy as oppressive reality. Nevertheless, the heroine examines women's desire and raise a question contradiction of patriarch incessantly. Therefore Lee Sun-Hee is representative woman writer who bridges the gaps between modern girl's desire and oppressive reality in 1930's.
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