In this essay, recognition of and attitude toward Jirisan, as well as the implied characteristics of the recognition, are studied among the travel essays in mid to late 1930s. Also, to help understanding, hiking’s example and meaning are viewed from tentative perspective, from 1900s to the liberation in 1945. The summary is as follows.
In chapter 2, examples and meaning of hiking are divided into five. In this chapter, the term ‘hiking’ is used with ‘play’, ‘exploration’, ‘health’, ‘Alpinism’, ‘exercise’, and ‘entertainment’, and by doing so, hiking has a purpose of play, historical exploration, research exploration, conquest, exercise and entertainment of labor, and include dual meaning.
In chapter 3, among two student travel essays, it is found that Jirisan is described as the object of exploration and conquest. Oyongsa(five warriors), who are hiking club members of Yang Chung High School, saw Jirisan as an object of conquest from alpinist perspective, but for Lee Hak-don of Gyeongseong School of Pharmacy, it was an object of conquest through aesthetic and scholastic research. For the two subjects, who had rational view on the nature, Jirisan is a virgin forest conquerable without contamination by nationalism ideology.