Yong-Su Jang. 2010. A Study on The Market totalitarianism and The Identity of Teaching Korean. Journal of Korean Language Education 21-4: 229-253. Language aims to communicate with each other. Therefore, language has been forced into a greater orientation to the market. For this reason, any language-users depend on the competitive position in the international market. Uncompetitive language`s users are gradually decreasing and uncompetitive language will be gone once and for all. Of course Korean`s fate isn`t free from market. At a time of market totalitarianism, culture, education, study, language, media, fashion and so on are on the same side. We live in a society where we are ruled by market. Meanwhile, there have been many advances in teaching Korean for foreigners. It has the same appearance of internationl competitiveness` s improvement. But, quantitative increasing of teaching Korean as a foreign language has not lead to the growth the fields of teaching Korean. The reason for this, first of all, teaching Korean as a foreign language isn`t free from market totalitarianism`s fate. From this situation, if teaching Korean`s fate leaves it to the market situation, teaching Korean as a foreign language may not be able to unify the identity of teaching Korean. Teaching Korean as a foreign language need to find freely the value of education in the market situation. In other words, teaching Korean`s independent value need to find. Then that will be indigenous territory of teaching Korean as a foreign language, and teaching Korean`s value and necessity can be piled on the indigenous territory, and it will be the main of teaching Korean`s identity. At the present stage, a possible teaching Korean`s identity construction method is connected to the teaching Korean staff, teaching materials, Korean learners. In other words, these must be supplied stable. First, the teaching Korean staff is to strengthen its core capabilities which is necessary in teaching situation. And if teaching Korean policymakers don`t wake up to this tough situation and the poor teaching Korean staff`s treatment is not improved, teaching Korean`s qualitative improvement will be hard to imagine. In the case of Korean teaching materials, homogenized teaching Korean should be forced to be made. And to do that, we need to integrated teaching method and teaching materials` improvement. Now, because we are not have the integrated teaching method and teaching materials, we are hard to expect the teaching Korean`s qualitative improvement. So, the coherent educational policy of government must be run over this. The present, we live in a multi-cultural society. A multi-cultural society is due to globalization of the Korea. With the times, our Korean language using environment is currently undergoing rapid change. So, teaching Korean as a Foreign Language and teaching Korean need to act jointly to a multi-cultural society`s situation. This study is composed of abovementioned contents.