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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

대한금속재료학회지검색

Korean journal of metals and materials


  • - 주제 : 공학분야 > 금속공학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 월간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : SCI / SCOPUS
  • - ISSN : 1738-8228
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 금속재료학회지(~1999) → 대한금속재료학회지(2000~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 59권 2호 (2021)

알루미늄 합금의 표면처리에 있어서 2단계 양극산화의 젖음성 영향

어재동 ( Jae Dong Eo ) , 김진규 ( Jingyu Kim ) , 정용석 ( Yongsug Jung ) , 이종항 ( Jong-hang Lee ) , 김욱배 ( Wook Bae Kim )
무료
초록보기
Industrial anodizing of aluminum alloys is widely employed for various products, to improve corrosion and contamination protection as well as aesthetic appearance. At the same time, nanostructure fabrication using highly ordered porous aluminum oxides has been increasingly investigated in academic research for diverse micro-/nano applications. This approach is based on two-step anodization with limited process conditions, such as extended process time and low temperature. In this study, two-step anodizing was employed to anodize hairline-finished Al 1050 with sulfuric acid considering industrial processing conditions. The method is particularly suited for anodized products that require post-processing such as printing, dyeing and/or bonding. Porous anodized layers that were fabricated using conventional single anodizing, and twostep anodizing under identical processing conditions were compared. Variations in porosity, pore diameter, and inter-pore distance were examined in relation to the anodizing parameters, such as temperature and voltage. The results showed that two-step anodizing caused an increase in all measured pore-related measurements, and produced a much more uniform porous layer than the conventional anodizing process. Water contact angles were evaluated on the anodized surface of the previously machined hairline specimen. It was found that the water contact angles clearly decreased on the surfaces treated by two-step anodization, compared to the conventional anodizing process. (Received September 23, 2020; Accepted December 17, 2020)

고에너지 직접 적층법으로 제조된 경사조성재료의 미세조직 및 경도 변화에 미치는 후열처리 영향 연구

신기승 ( Giseung Shin ) , 박용호 ( Yongho Park ) , 김대환 ( Dae Whan Kim ) , 윤지현 ( Ji Hyun Yoon ) , 김정한 ( Jeoung Han Kim )
무료
초록보기
In this work, the effects of post weld heat treatment (PWHT) on the microstructure and mechanical properties of functionally gradient materials (FGM) was investigated. The FGM consisted of five different layers which were mixtures of austenitic stainless steel (type 316L) and ferritic steel (LAS). The ratio of type 316L and LAS powder in each deposition layer was 100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75, and 0:100. FGM samples were successfully fabricated without cracks or delamination by a direct energy deposition process. The sensitization phenomenon of the FGM samples was investigated after PWHT. The PWHTs were conducted at 700℃, 900℃, and 1100℃ for 4 hours and the samples were then air-cooled. After PWHT, the annealed specimens were observed by optical and scanning electron microscopy to analyze their microstructure. The occurrence of sensitization was found in the specimen annealed at 700℃. The contents of Cr and C increased substantially along grain boundaries. However, the sensitization did not occur in other samples annealed at 900℃ and 1100℃. In the C and D layers of the 1100℃ annealed sample, micro-hardness was measured to be very high due to the formation of bainitic ferrite and a lath martensite structure. In addition, a reduction of the austenite fraction was confirmed by Electron Back Scatter Diffraction. (Received September 25, 2020; Accepted November 24, 2020)

Optimization of Oil Adsorption Capacity by Aerogel Powder Synthesized Using Emulsion Droplets as Micro-reactors in Ambient Conditions from Sodium Silicate as Precursor

( Young-sang Cho ) , ( Sohyeon Sung ) , ( Seung Hee Woo ) , ( Young Seok Kim )
무료
초록보기
In this study, silica aerogel particles were synthesized from emulsion droplets as micro-reactors at room temperature under ambient pressure. An economical precursor, sodium silicate, was used as the starting material for silica, and an emulsification technique was applied to form droplets in continuous phase. By controlling the composition of the dispersed phase using ammonium hydroxide, the effect of pH on the morphologies of the final aerogel particles was studied by SEM observation. As a demonstrative application, hydrophobic silica aerogel particles were produced by modification using a silane coupling agent, for oil adsorption. The amount of oil adsorbed by the aerogel particles was optimized by adjusting the concentration of precursors in the emulsion droplets, the composition of the dispersed phase, and the concentration of the coupling agent during surface treatment of the particles. The resulting aerogel particles were characterized using BET, TGA, and the contact angle of water droplets after modification using silane coupling agents with different carbon numbers. The optimized value of adsorbed silicone oil (100 CS) was measured to be about 250 % relative to the weight of the aerogel particles. For comparison, other types of porous silica particles were also prepared from emulsion-assisted self-assembly routes to quantify the amount of adsorbed oil. (Received October 5, 2020; Accepted December 24, 2020)

Effect of Ultrasonic Cleaning of Titanium Turning Scraps Immersed in Alkaline Solution and Subsequent Preparation of Ferrotitanium Ingots

( Suhwan Yoo ) , ( Jikwang Chae ) , ( Jung-min Oh ) , ( Jae-won Lim )
무료
초록보기
Ti has excellent properties but is more expensive than other materials due to its high melting point, high reactivity and difficult processability. One way to lower the production cost of Ti products is to recycle Ti scraps. Before recycling Ti scraps, pretreatment to remove contamination is essential. Ti scraps can be pretreated in an alkaline solution, thus eliminating the use of acidic solutions. However, a pretreatment only involving immersion in alkaline solution requires a high concentration solution, and has low efficiency. Therefore, in this study, an optimized ultrasonic cleaning process is introduced to pretreat Ti scraps in a lowconcentration alkaline solution. The carbon content of Ti scraps before pretreatment was 6,800 ppm, and showed a sharp decrease with pretreatment. Using this pretreatment process, C, O, and N impurities were removed by 97.6%, 58.8%, and 29.2%, respectively. Ferrotitanium ingots were then produced by vacuum arc melting (VAM) and plasma arc melting (PAM) using the pretreated Ti scraps and electrolytic iron. Differences in ingots melted by VAM and PAM were investigated. As the time was increased, the content of impurities decreased. Subsequently, a ferrotitanium ingot prepared using the pretreated Ti scraps showed that the carbon concentration in the ingot was less than 200 ppm. (Received August 13, 2020; Accepted December 29, 2020)

Fluorine-based Inductively Coupled Plasma Etching of α-Ga2O3 Epitaxy Film

( Ji Hun Um ) , ( Byoung Su Choi ) , ( Woo Sik Jang ) , ( Sungu Hwang ) , ( Dae-woo Jeon ) , ( Jin Kon Kim ) , ( Hyun Cho )
무료
초록보기
α-Ga2O3 has the largest bandgap (~5.3 eV) among the five polymorphs of Ga2O3 and is a promising candidate for high power electronic and optoelectronic devices. To fabricate various device structures, it is important to establish an effective dry etch process which can provide practical etch rate, smooth surface morphology and low ion-induced damage. Here, the etch characteristics of α-Ga2O3 epitaxy film were examined in two fluorine-based (CF4/Ar and SF6/Ar) inductively coupled plasmas. Under the same source power, rf chuck power and process pressure, an Ar-rich composition of CF4/Ar and an SF6-rich composition of SF6/Ar produced the highest etch rates. Monotonic increase in the etch rate was observed as the source power and rf chuck power increased in the 2CF4/13Ar discharges, and a maximum etch rate of ~855 A/min was obtained at a 500 W source power, 250 W rf chuck power, and 2 mTorr pressure. A smooth surface morphology with normalized roughness of less than ~1.38 was achieved in the 2CF4/13Ar and 13SF6/2Ar discharges under most of the conditions examined. The features etched into the α-Ga2O3 layer using a 2CF4/ 13Ar discharge with 2 mTorr pressure showed good anisotropy with a vertical sidewall profile. (Received December 15, 2020; Accepted January 14, 2021)

캐리어 산란 메커니즘에 따른 열전반도체의 이론 전자수송 특성 변화

김상일 ( Sang-il Kim ) , 김현식 ( Hyun-sik Kim )
무료
초록보기
The widespread application of thermoelectric devices in cooling and waste heat recovery systems will be achieved when materials achieve high thermoelectric performance. However, improving thermoelectric performance is not straightforward because the Seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity of the materials have opposite trends with varying carrier concentration. Here, we demonstrate that carrier scattering mechanism engineering can improve the power factor, which is the Seebeck coefficient squared multiplied by electrical conductivity, by significantly improving the electrical conductivity with a decreased Seebeck coefficient. The effect of engineering the carrier scattering mechanism was evaluated by comparing the band parameters (density-of-states effective mass, non-degenerate mobility) of Te-doped and Te, transition metal co-doped n-type Mg2Sb3 fitted via the single parabolic band model under different carrier scattering mechanisms. Previously, it was reported that co-doping transition metal with Te only changed the carrier scattering mechanism from ionized impurity scattering to mixed scattering between ionized impurities and acoustic phonons, compared to Te-doped samples. The approximately three times enhancement in the power factor of Te, transition metal co-doped samples reported in the literature have all been attributed to a change in the scattering mechanism. However, here it is demonstrated that Te, transition metal co-doping also increased the density-of-states effective mass. Here, the impact of the scattering mechanism change on the electric transport properties of n-type Mg2Sb3 without an effective mass increase was studied. Even without the effective mass increase, carrier scattering mechanism engineering improved the power factor, and its effect was maximized by appropriate carrier concentration tuning. (Received December 17, 2020; Accepted December 22, 2020)

Nucleation and Growth-Controlled Morphology Evolution of Cu Nanostructures During High-Pressure Thermal Evaporation

( Eunji Lee ) , ( Woomi Gwon ) , ( Sangwoo Ry )
무료
초록보기
The formation of porous material structures has been widely investigated for the development of high-performance energy materials, catalysts, and chemical sensing devices. Various nanoporous structure fabrication methods are based on wet-chemical processes, which require precise control of the process parameters. Physical vapor deposition such as thermal evaporation utilizes high vacuum so that the deposition process is relatively simple, free of contamination, and easily reproduced. However, because of the long mean-free-path of the evaporated atoms in high vacuum, heterogeneous nucleation and the growth of adatoms occurs on the substrate surface, which results in the formation of dense and compact thin films. But by changing the working pressure, various morphologies of porous nanostructures can be obtained. As applied to copper, with increasing pressure the thin film evolves from a dense structure to a coral-like nanoporous structure through a porous columnar structure. All of the porous structures consist of nanoparticle aggregates, where copper nanoparticles are connected to each other, and many nano-gaps are found inside the aggregates. A surface plasmonic effect is expected. The porous copper nanostructured films demonstrated high surfaceenhanced Raman spectroscopy activity. (Received December 16, 2020; Accepted December 31, 2020)

Fabricating Elastomeric Photomask with Nanosized-Metal Patterns for Near-Field Contact Printing

( Sangyoon Paik ) , ( Gwangmook Kim ) , ( Dongchul Seo ) , ( Wooyoung Shim )
무료
초록보기
When an elastomeric photomask is used for near-field contact printing, the high deformability of the elastomer mask plate enables gap-free full contact with the substrate, minimizing the effect of diffraction. This image-transfer technique provides sub-50 nm resolution and depth-of-focus-free lithographic capability with cost-efficient equipment. However, the method’s application is limited due to the lack of a wellestablished protocol for fabricating a nanoscale mask pattern on an elastomeric substrate, which remains a major technical challenge in the field of near-field contact printing. In this study, we present a reliable protocol for fabricating a metal-embedded polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) photomask. Our fabrication protocol uses conventional nanofabrication processes to fabricate nanosized chromium mask patterns and then transfers the chromium patterns to an elastomeric mask plate using a sacrificial Ni layer. Our protocol provides a high flexibility mask pattern design, and highly stable metal patterns during transferring process. By careful optimizing the experimental parameters, we determined a perfect pattern transfer ratio, which avoided any mechanical failure of the metal pattern, such as debonding or wrinkling. We then fabricated a PDMS photomask and confirmed its nanoscale patterning resolution, with the smallest feature 51 nm in width under a 400-nm light source. We anticipate that our fabrication protocol will enable the application of cost-efficient and high-resolution near-field photolithography. (Received September 23, 2020; Accepted December 13, 2020)
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