Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of empathy ability and human rights sensitivity on multicultural acceptance among nursing students. This study is a correlation study that tests the relationship between variables.
Methods: The sample for this study consisted of 186 nursing students from two universities in two cities in Gyeongnam, Korea. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire from August 27 to September 9, 2018. The questionnaire included empathy ability, human rights sensitivity, and multicultural acceptance. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, One-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS 23.0.
Results: It was found that: (a) In this study, the mean value of empathy was 3.74 (±0.37), human rights sensitivity was 2.74 (±0.87), and multicultural acceptance was 4.31 (±0.61). (b) Multicultural a cceptance had a positive correlation with empathy ability (r=0.43, p<0.001), human rights sensitivity (r=0.44, p<0.001). (c) Factors influencing multicultural acceptance were identified as following; empathy ability (β=0.34, p<0.001), human rights sensitivity (β=0.32, p<0.001), and aging (β=-0.18, p=0.003) with 31.8% explanatory power.
Conclusions: In this study, it was found that empathy ability and human rights sensitivity have positive effect on multicultural acceptance among nursing students, whereas aging has negative effect. Results may be useful in developing new strategies for enhancing multicultural acceptance. Further research is needed to develop programs that include these variables and to verify their effects.