Many Korean students participate in golf during their studies in the United States. They are active in this sport because of the easy access to golf courses in the U.S. and the relatively inexpensive green fees compared to the golf courses in Korea. The primary purpose of this study was to examine Korean college students` participation motivation in golf during their time of study in the U.S. Of the participants in this study, 133 were male and 68 were female (N=201).The result of the MANOVA testing revealed a statistically significant main effect for frequency of participation, Wilks`Λ = .046, F(14,356)=1.74, p<.05, η2=.064 and a statistically significant two-interaction effect for gender by years of experience, Wilks`Λ= .009, F(14,356)=2.15, p<.05, η2=.078, and years of experience by frequency of participation, Wilks`Λ = .038, F(28,643)=1.54, p<.05, η2=.057. Overall, from the results of the study, it is clear that motivation for sport participation between frequency of participation and years of experience is linked closely to motivation towards accomplishment and identified regulation. The results of this study validated the use of self-determination theory as a viable theoretical framework for studying and understanding the relationship between motivation and participation in golf.