The aim of this study was to compare the anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of traditional Korean female collegiate dancers in terms of performance level (non-elite and elite). A total of 346 traditional Korean female collegiate dancers participated in this study. All participants were divided into two groups: group 1 (n=289, non-elite traditional dancers : NET) and group 2 (n=57, elite traditional dancers : ET). Various anthropometric measurements were performed (basic measurement; weight, height both standing and sitting, skinfolds, girths, lengths, and breadths) and various anthropometric indices (muscle mass, % muscle mass, fat mass, % fat mass, BMI, WHR, and sum of skinfolds) were calculated, and Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotype was determined. The results were as following; i) ET dancers showed higher height and sitting height and lower body weight than the NET dancers. ii) 7 skinfold site except abdominal skinfold were lower in ET dancers than NET dancers. iii) 11 girth sites except head and gluteal were lower in ET dancers than NET dancers. iv) The length of iliospinale height and tibiale laterale height was significantly longer in the ET dancers whereas the length of radiale-stylion and midstylion-dactylion was significantly longer in the NET dancers. v) The breadth of biacromial, biilocristal, transverse chest, A-P Chest depth, humerus and femur in ET dancers was significantly smaller than those of NET dancers. vi) Fat mass, % fat mass, BMI and sum of skinfolds were lower in ET dancers than those of NET dancers. Finally, vii) ET dancers were more ectomorphic (p<.001) than NET dancers. Mean of somatotype was 4.0, 2.6, 3.9 and 4.5, 3.1, 3.3 respectively. These results suggest that traditional Korean dance favors highness, lightness, leanness, higher ectomorphy and lower endomorphy and mesomorphy at more elite levels.