This study investigates the effects of socicultural influences of appearaned(parental influence, media influence, peer influence) on body dissatisfaction and appearance enhancement behaviors(clothing selection, skin care, male-up, hair care, weight management). For data collection, a questionnaire was administrated to 562 female college students in Gwangju, Chonnam area and Chonbuk area, Korea, from May 23 to June 10, 2011. To analysis the data, descriptive statistical analysis, factor analysis, regression analysis, and path analysis were conducted. The results were as follows. Firs, the overall effects of sociocultural influences of appearance on body enhancement behavior turned out to have positive effects. Second, overall sociocultural influences of appearance had positive effects on body dissatisfaction. Third, the overall effects of body dissatisfaction on appearance enhancement behavior did not appear to be statistically significant. Forth, the effects that sociocultural influences of appearance on appearance enhancement behavior mediated body dissatisfaction appeared to be insignificant.