글로버메뉴 바로가기 본문 바로가기 하단메뉴 바로가기

논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

언어와 정보검색

LANGUAGE AND INFORMATION


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 언어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-7430
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 6권 2호 (2002)

영어 non-DP 주어의 구조적 위치

홍성심 ( Hong Sungshim )
한국언어정보학회|언어와 정보  6권 2호, 2002 pp. 1-14 ( 총 14 pages)
5,400
초록보기
This paper discusses so called the non-DP subject constructions in English. In general, a subject is a DP that bears Nominative case and that occupies [Spec, IP]. However, in some examples under investigation, it looks as if non-DP categories such as Prepositional Phrases(PP), Adjectival Phrases(AP), Adverbial Phrases (AdvP), Small Clauses (PreP or SC), and VP occupy the canonical subject position, [Spec, IP]. Under the framework of Chomsky's (1993, 1995) along with his previous works (Chomsky 1981, 1986), the Case Checking mechanism undoubtedly assumes that only DPs can have Case Therefore, the Case Checking/Agree mechanism is stated such that the strong uninterpretable feature, in this case Case feature (D or NP) feature must be checked off in a certain manner. Therefore, any phrasal categories other than DPs are not included in the considerations. Nonetheless, there are many instances of non-DP categories in English that occupy the seemingly canonical subject position, [spec, IP]. In this paper, it is proposed that the actual position of these non-DP subjects in English is not in Spec of IP. Rather, they occupy [Spec, TopP] under CP in the sense of Lasnik & Stowell (1991), Rizzi (1997), and Haegeman & Gueron (1999). In its effect, therefore, this paper extends the idea of Stowell (1981) who argues that the clausal subjects in English is not in [Spec, IP], but in [Spec, TopP]. We further argue that Stowell's version of Case Resistance Principle must be extended in order to accomodate many more occurrences of so called non-DP subjects. (Chungnam National University)

한국어의 초점사 -도는 양보표지인가 역동표지인가?

이예식 ( Yae-sheik Lee )
한국언어정보학회|언어와 정보  6권 2호, 2002 pp. 15-32 ( 총 18 pages)
5,800
초록보기
There exist numerous previous analyses such as Hong (1992) on the meaning and functions of the so-called delimiter -to in Korea. These analyses can be roughly classified into two groups: the first argue that the delimiter -to is polysemous so that it delivers either additive or concessive meaning; the second contend that it is monosemous and only conveys emphatic or concessive meaning. The current analysis mainly focuses on its two roles with regard to focus and its meaning. On the basis of the findings, a different analysis is proposed that it serves as an indicator of the presence of a type of focus which is hosted mainly by the expression it attaches to. Furthermore, it is solely responsible for the additive force, and the seemingly relevant emphatic or concessive import is derivable from an emphatic or concessive illocutionary operator which is associated with the focus indicated by -to. (Kyungpook National University)

어휘정보구축을 위한 사전텍스트의 구조분석 및 변환

최병진 ( Byung-jin Choi )
한국언어정보학회|언어와 정보  6권 2호, 2002 pp. 33-55 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
This research aims at transforming the definition tort of an English-English-Korean Dictionary (EEKD) which is encoded in EST files for the purpose of publishing into a structured format for Lexical Data Base (LDB). The construction of LDB is very time-consuming and expensive work. In order to save time and efforts in building new lexical information, the present study tries to extract useful linguistic information from an existing printed dictionary. In this paper, the process of extraction and structuring of lexical information from a printed dictionary (EEKD) as a lexical resource is described. The extracted information is represented in XML format, which can be transformed into another representation for different application requirements. (Mokpo National University)

한국어 사동화와 어휘의미구조의 변화: 생성어휘부(Generative Lexicon) 이론에 의한 접근

김윤신 ( Yoon-shin Kim )
한국언어정보학회|언어와 정보  6권 2호, 2002 pp. 57-82 ( 총 26 pages)
6,600
초록보기
This study explores the lexical-semantic structure of derived causative verbs in Korean based on Pustejovsky(1995)'s Generative Lexicon Theory (GL). Morphological causative verbs are derived from their root stems by affixing ‘-i, -hi, -li, -gi’ in Korean and the meanings of derived predicates are closely related to the meanings of their root verbs. In particular, the change of the ARGUMENT STRUCTURE by morphological derivation leads to the change of the EVENT STRUCTURE. The ARGUMENT STRUCTURES of derived causative verbs include a causer argument, which is added to the ARGUMENT STRUCTURE of their root verbs by means of the causative derivation. Their EVENT STRUCTURE has a headed process related to a causer and its result is the event which their root verbs denote. This approach can also suggest that the (in)directness of causative is dependent on is the semantics of its root verb. (Seoul National University)

한정성 효과: 한정성 제약과 비한정성 제약

전영철 ( Youngchul Jun )
한국언어정보학회|언어와 정보  6권 2호, 2002 pp. 83-104 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
I argue that Definiteness Effect (DE) should include Indefiniteness Restriction (IR) as well as Definiteness Restriction (DR). DR is exhibited by existential constructions, predicate nominals, inalienable possession constructions, and verbs with semantic features like [((CAUSE TO) COME TO) EXIST]. IR is caused by some existence presupposition of aspectual adverbs, aspectual verbs, repetitives, and topic markers. The environments for DR and IR determine the (in)definiteness of Korean bare noun phrases which otherwise can be used either way. The neutralization of DR is also induced by focus which imposes a certain amount of structure on the event quantification. Van der Sandt's (1992) Presuppositions-as- Anaphora-Theory is effectively used to account for those examples from DR, ID, and the neutralization of BR. (Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)

A Rule-Based Analysis from Raw Korean Text to Morphologically Annotated Corpora

( Kiyong Lee ) , ( Markus Schulze )
한국언어정보학회|언어와 정보  6권 2호, 2002 pp. 105-128 ( 총 24 pages)
6,400
초록보기
Morphologically annotated corpora are the basis for many tasks of computational linguistics. Most current approaches use statistically driven methods of morphological analysis, that provide just POS-tags. While this is sufficient for some applications, a rule-based full morphological analysis also yielding lemmatization and segmentation is needed for many others. This work thus aims at [1] introducing a rule-based Korean morphological analyzer called Kormoran based on the principle of linearity that prohibits any combination of left-to-right or right-to-left analysis or backtracking and then at [2] showing how it on be used as a POS-tagger by adopting an ordinary technique of preprocessing and also by filtering out irrelevant morpho-syntactic information in analyzed feature structures. It is shown that, besides providing a basis for subsequent syntactic or semantic processing, full morphological analyzers like Kormoran have the greater power of resolving ambiguities than simple POS-taggers. The focus of our present analysis is on Korean text. (Korea University and Universitat Erlangen-Nurnberg)

Optimality Theory in Semantics and the Anaphora Resolution in Korean: An Adumbration

( Minpyo Hong )
한국언어정보학회|언어와 정보  6권 2호, 2002 pp. 129-152 ( 총 24 pages)
6,400
초록보기
This paper argues for a need to adopt a conceptually radical approach to zero anaphora resolution in Korean. It is shown that a number of apparently conflicting constraints, mostly motivated by lexical, syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic factors, are involved in determining the referential identity of zero pronouns in Korean. It is also argued that some of the major concepts of Optimality Theory can provide a good theoretical framework to predict the antecedents to zero pronouns in general. A partial formalization of OT-based constraints at the morpho-syntactic and lexico-semantical level is provided. It is argued that the lexico-semantic restrictions on adjacent expressions play the most important role in the anaphora resolution process along with a variant of the binding principle, formulated in semantic terms. Other pragmatically motivated constraints that incorporate some important intuitions of Centering Theory are proposed too.

Derivational Interpretation of Korean “wh-phrases”

( Ae-ryung Kim )
한국언어정보학회|언어와 정보  6권 2호, 2002 pp. 153-169 ( 총 17 pages)
5,700
초록보기
In this paper I develop a mechanism of interpreting Korean "wh-phrases". The phrases have various readings depending on where they occur and they could be ambiguous even in the same structure. Yet their readings are subject to certain restrictions. I assume that the "wh-phrases" behave like variables and that there are three quantifiers to bind the phrases; COMPwh, COMPconc and derivational 9-quantifier. Based on the assumptions I suggest derivational quantification, which consists of three conditions. 1) A quantifier can bind only when it merges into the derivation; 2) ∃-quantifier accompanies [-OP] complementizer but its activation is optional; 3) an instance of quantification makes the clause opaque to other instances of quantification. Scrambling data support derivational approach and across-the-board interpretation motivates the opacity condition. The opacity condition accounts for ATB- interpretations of reflexive pronouns. It can also explain the island effect of wh-islands without adopting covert wh-movement in Korean. (Kyungnam University)

Against Pied-Piping

( Young-sik Choi )
한국언어정보학회|언어와 정보  6권 2호, 2002 pp. 171-185 ( 총 15 pages)
5,500
초록보기
I claim that the asymmetry of locality effects in wh-questions involving Complex Noun Phrase Island in Korean follows from the proposal for the asymmetric mode of scope taking between way (why) and the other wh-words in Korean as laid out in Choi (2002). 1 will show that the present proposal is superior to the LF pied-piping approach in Nishigauchi (1990) and WH-structure pied-piping in von Stechow(1996) in that it does not have the fatal problem of wrong semantics in Nishigauchi and Subjacency violation problem in von Stechow. The crossed reading in examples involving Wh-island has an interesting implication for the mechanism of unselective binding, suggesting that Heim's (1982) quantifier indexing mechanism, which requires the local unselective binding of the indefinite by the unselective binder, may be too strong. (Seoul National University)
1