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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

현대영어영문학검색

Journal of The English Language and Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-7620
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 영어영문학연구 → 현대영어영문학
논문제목
수록 범위 : 24권 0호 (1983)

Some Problematic Aspects of Presupposition

(Sung Wook Kim)
5,800
키워드보기
초록보기
N/A

소통활동을 위한 언어교육

이종혁
5,600
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N/A
6,900
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We can easily detect that the Old English (450-110) which seemed to have been completed around the period of King Alfred had undergone many morphological and grammatical changes, when compared with Chaucer`s English or Modern English. What are the most significant factors closely connected with these changes? Shown clearly in morphological forms, the loss of grammatical forms (inflectional endings) which were very strong in Old English is one of the most significant factors. The loss of grammatical forms inevitably led to a lack of expressive power, with the result that the English language began to seek a method to supplement and substitute for the loss of grammatical forms. The loss of most grammatical forms in English, such as the levelling of inflectional endings, required a new grammatical mechanism. Surveying the history of the English language, the efforts to find out a new way of expression, which should clarify the grammatical relations weakened through the loss of grammatical forms, have been continued to the present time. On the other hand, as the mode of life became more intricate, the mode of expression became more complicated. We must consider that the complexity of mode of life Inevitably led to the complication of way of expression. The tense system in Old English, that is, present and future tense system, is diversified in Present-day English. We must see the relative pronoun who, the focus of our argument, in connection with these factors, for example, the loss of grammatical forms and the changes in mode of life. There were no definite and explicit relative pronouns in Primitive German, with the result that each language made the best of various ways for supplemmenting relative pronouns. A particle, pe, was used as a relative pronoun in old English. This particle was weakened in the 12th century. Pat appeared as a relative pronoun, which began to be used with no distinction of case, number and gender. which (OE, hwilc, hwylc) and whos, genitive form of who, and whom, dative form of who, are used as relative pronouns long after the first appearance of pat. What that was originally an interrogative pronoun began to be used as a relative pronoun, In the development of relative pronouns we can read one aspect of the English people`s will to supplement and substititue for the lack of ways of expression resulting from the loss of grammatical forms. Also, we see that the diversification of expression follows natually from the diversification and complexity of life. Just as a conservative spirit fights with a progressive one in history, so does it in a laguage. Language maintains it`s balance through such a fight. We can detect that these two forces operate in English, maintaining the balance between them. The relative pronoun which can take all antecedents in Middle English, the use of which can be found, to a contiderable extent, in Shakerpeare`s two plays analyzed in this paper. But such a use of the relative pronoun which is limited to taking antecedents referring only to things in Present-day English. This is a good example of the conservative aspect of language competing with the progressive which is the diversification of relative pronouns. We see a specific aspect of the changing processes in English language through the relative pronoun who, based on the analytical results of Shakespeare`s two plays... Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet, and T.S. Eliot`s The Family Reunion. We can easily come to the conclusion that the frequency and percent of use of the relative pronoun who does not show much difference between Shakespeare`s two plays. We can, however, detect much change in frequency and use of the relative pronoun who. Cerain usages of the relative pronoun who which appear in Shakespeare`s two plays can not be found in T.S. Eliot`s play. We can easily see that the English language has undergone many changes from Elizabethan English to Present-day English though the period between the ages is short. In orde
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