The purpose of this essay is to introduce the novel Namgarok, which is never known yet to academic world’ and to research the narrative structure, meaning and intention of the author. Up to now, the only information about this work is the fact that the author is Man-sung, Choi. He is considered that maybe had lived in 19C. According to the result of a study on the text itself, Namgarok contains different characteristics from other contemporary novels, and uncommon literary accomplishment.
In the course of this study, first of all, I examined the characterization of the work. As a result, I found that the naming gave a hint about the course and effect of narrative progress. And I also confirmed that the characters’ personality and mental state was manifest through the vivid descriptions about action and conversation of them. Especially, the author used the contrast between self and others, and between divinity and vulgarity as a means to express his intention.
Secondly, through examination of the narrative structure, I found that this novel had three unique qualities. First, this novel enlarged spatial setting to five-dimension, that are heaven, earth, hell, fairy-land and underwater world. Those includes every spaces that contemporary people can imagine. Second, Namgarok can be classified as a genre of war novel because this novel’s main conflict is the war between two hostile countries. The last, this novel accomplished remarkable narrative techniques of the analepsis that never be found in almost of sino-korean novels in that age.
Lastly, I examined the meaning of work and the world-view of author. So I found that, on the surface, the causality and retribution of the Buddhism is presented as an important logic of human life, but, on the deep level, the Confucian values are emphasized as a logic of this- life and the reformation of destiny is adopted as narrative logic rather than fatalism. And the author accepted popular belief and imagination in his work. Therefore I could guess that the author of Namgarok is a poor scholar who lived in unfortunate circumstances.